Logical Reasoning - Statement and Conclusion

Exercise :: Statement and Conclusion - Section 1

In each question below is given a statement followed by two conclusions numbered I and II. You have to assume everything in the statement to be true, then consider the two conclusions together and decide which of them logically follows beyond a reasonable doubt from the information given in the statement.

Give answer:

  • (A) If only conclusion I follows
  • (B) If only conclusion II follows
  • (C) If either I or II follows
  • (D) If neither I nor II follows and
  • (E) If both I and II follow.

21. 

Statements: People who speak too much against dowry are those who had taken it themselves.

Conclusions:

  1. It is easier said than done.
  2. People have double standards.

A. Only conclusion I follows
B. Only conclusion II follows
C. Either I or II follows
D. Neither I nor II follows
E. Both I and II follow

Answer: Option E

Explanation:

The statement clearly implies that it is easier to say than to do something and what people say is different from what they do. So, both I and II follow.

22. 

Statements: The national norm is 100 beds per thousand populations but in this state, 150 beds per thousand are available in the hospitals.

Conclusions:

  1. Our national norm is appropriate.
  2. The state's health system is taking adequate care in this regard.

A. Only conclusion I follows
B. Only conclusion II follows
C. Either I or II follows
D. Neither I nor II follows
E. Both I and II follow

Answer: Option B

Explanation:

Whether the national norm is appropriate or not cannot be said. So, I does not follow. However, more number of beds per thousand population are available in the state. So, II follows.

23. 

Statements: Our securities investments carry market risk. Consult your investment advisor or agent before investing.

Conclusions:

  1. One should not invest in securities.
  2. The investment advisor calculates the market risk with certainty.

A. Only conclusion I follows
B. Only conclusion II follows
C. Either I or II follows
D. Neither I nor II follows
E. Both I and II follow

Answer: Option B

Explanation:

Investment in securities involves risk. This does not mean that one should not invest in securities. So, I does not follow. Since the statement advises one to consult investment advisor before investing, so II follows.

24. 

Statements: Money plays a vital role in politics.

Conclusions:

  1. The poor can never become politicians.
  2. All the rich men take part in politics.

A. Only conclusion I follows
B. Only conclusion II follows
C. Either I or II follows
D. Neither I nor II follows
E. Both I and II follow

Answer: Option D

Explanation:

Neither the poor nor the rich, but only the role of money in politics is being talked about in the statement. So, neither I nor II follows.

25. 

Statements: Vegetable prices are soaring in the market.

Conclusions:

  1. Vegetables are becoming a rare commodity.
  2. People cannot eat vegetables.

A. Only conclusion I follows
B. Only conclusion II follows
C. Either I or II follows
D. Neither I nor II follows
E. Both I and II follow

Answer: Option D

Explanation:

The availability of vegetables is not mentioned in the given statement. So, I does not follow Also, II is not directly related to the statement and so it also does not follow.