Logical Reasoning - Statement and Assumption - Discussion

Discussion Forum : Statement and Assumption - Section 2 (Q.No. 19)
Directions to Solve

In each question below is given a statement followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement.

Give answer

  • (A) If only assumption I is implicit
  • (B) If only assumption II is implicit
  • (C) If either I or II is implicit
  • (D) If neither I nor II is implicit
  • (E) If both I and II are implicit.


19.

Statement: The State Government has abolished the scheme of providing concessional air ticket to students.

Assumptions:

  1. Students will not travel by air in future.
  2. The students who resort to travel by air can bear the expenses of air ticket.

Only assumption I is implicit
Only assumption II is implicit
Either I or II is implicit
Neither I nor II is implicit
Both I and II are implicit
Answer: Option
Explanation:
The scheme has been abolished not to discourage the students from travelling by air but keeping in mind that the abolition of scheme won't stop them from travelling by air. So, only II is implicit.
Discussion:
5 comments Page 1 of 1.

RSR said:   8 years ago
I think, neither l nor ll is implicit.
(2)

Some education in formal logic. said:   8 years ago
Universal quantifier ranging over an empty domain of discourse gives a trivially true output. So I suppose you could say that it is implicit.

In the case that at least one student takes a flight, it is a necessary condition that he can afford it, hence the assumption is satisfied. If no student takes a flight, all students who did take a flight (that is none), could afford it.

Which is the trivially true output of the universal quantifier, ranging over the empty domain of discourse that is students who took a flight? The domain of discourse can never be the empty set, we must have "Something" to talk about, though we cannot say anything about it. Hence the oddity here. Simply stated: the no students that took the plain could afford it is true.

Ranju said:   8 years ago
It doesn't necessarily imply "The students who resort to travel by air can bear the expenses of air ticket".

The action of the government may have been due to some other financial difficulties, not necessarily because students can afford.

The Government may have directed the funds to say disaster relief or emergency or war.

Mdamirkhan said:   1 decade ago
Which about do you like air ticketing and what is the meaning of air ticketing?

Chaitu said:   1 decade ago
"But keeping in mind that the abolition of scheme won't stop them from travelling by air". It can't be guessed at any cost. Because the reasons may be many, nt ly, the given reason. It should be option[d]. Na?

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