Logical Reasoning - Cause and Effect

Exercise :: Cause and Effect - Cause and Effect

  • Cause and Effect - Cause and Effect

In each of the following questions, two statements numbered I and II are given. There may be cause and effect relationship between the two statements. These two statements may be the effect of the same cause or independent causes. These statements may be independent causes without having any relationship. Read both the statements in each question and mark your answer as

  • (A) If statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect;
  • (B) If statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect;
  • (C) If both the statements I and II are independent causes;
  • (D) If both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes; and
  • (E) If both the statements I and II are effects of some common cause.

16. 

Statements:

  1. The local co-operative credit society has decided to stop giving loans to farmers with immediate effect.
  2. A large number of credit society members have withdrawn major part of their deposits from the credit society.

A. Statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect
B. Statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect
C. Both the statements I and II are independent causes
D. Both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes
E. Both the statements I and II are effects of some common cause

Answer: Option B

Explanation:

Clearly, withdrawal of funds by society members is bound to reduce the lending power of the society.

17. 

Statements:

  1. The employees of the biggest bank in the country have given an indefinite strike call starting from third of the next month.
  2. The employees of the Central Government have withdrawn their week long demonstrations.

A. Statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect
B. Statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect
C. Both the statements I and II are independent causes
D. Both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes
E. Both the statements I and II are effects of some common cause

Answer: Option D

Explanation:

The employees of a bank going on strike and the government employees calling off their protest seem to be two independent events that might have been triggered by individual causes.

18. 

Statements:

  1. Police resorted to lathi-charge to disperse the unlawful gathering of large number of people.
  2. The citizens' forum called a general strike in protest against the police atrocities.

A. Statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect
B. Statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect
C. Both the statements I and II are independent causes
D. Both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes
E. Both the statements I and II are effects of some common cause

Answer: Option B

Explanation:

Clearly, the people's mass protest against the police might have instigated the latter to indulge in lathi-charge to disperse the mob.

19. 

Statements:

  1. Majority of the citizens in the locality belongs to higher income group.
  2. The sales in the local super market are comparatively much higher than in other localities.

A. Statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect
B. Statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect
C. Both the statements I and II are independent causes
D. Both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes
E. Both the statements I and II are effects of some common cause

Answer: Option A

Explanation:

The comparatively higher sales in a particular locality are indicative of the high paying capacity of the residents of that locality.

20. 

Statements:

  1. The life today is too fast, demanding and full of variety in all aspects which at times leads to stressful situations.
  2. Number of suicide cases among teenagers is on increase.

A. Statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect
B. Statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect
C. Both the statements I and II are independent causes
D. Both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes
E. Both the statements I and II are effects of some common cause

Answer: Option A

Explanation:

Stress in everyday life is a major cause of frustration among the youth and is bound to lead them to take harsh steps as suicide.