Logical Reasoning - Analyzing Arguments

Read the below passage carefully and answer the questions:

Quinn: Our state is considering raising the age at which a person can get a driver's license to eighteen. This is unfair because the age has been sixteen for many years and sixteen-year-olds today are no less responsible than their parents and grandparents were at sixteen.Many young people today who are fourteen and fifteen years old are preparing to receive their licenses by driving with a learner's permit and a licensed driver, usually one of their parents. It would not be fair to suddenly say they have to wait two more years.

Dakota: It is true that people have been allowed to receive a drivers license at sixteen for generations. However, in recent years, the increase in traffic means drivers face more dangers than ever and must be ready to respond to a variety of situations. The fact that schools can no longer afford to teach drivers education results in too many young drivers who are not prepared to face the traffic conditions of today.

1. 

What is the point at issue between Quinn and Dakota?

A. whether sixteen-year-olds should be required to take drivers education before being issued a license
B. whether schools ought to provide drivers education to fourteen- and fifteen-year-old students
C. whether the standards for issuing drivers licenses should become more stringent
D. whether sixteen-year-olds are prepared to drive in today's traffic conditions
E. whether parents are able to do a good job teaching their children to drive

Answer: Option D

Explanation:

The speakers support their arguments in different ways, but both are concerned with whether sixteen-year-olds should continue to be allowed to receive drivers licenses.

2. 

On what does Quinn rely in making her argument?

A. statistics
B. emotion
C. fairness
D. anecdotes
E. actualities

Answer: Option C

Explanation:

Quinn discusses the fairness of changing the law and raising the age at which one can receive a driver's license. Emotion (choice b) may be involved, but the argument relies on the fairness issue.

3. 

On what does Dakota rely in making her argument?

A. statistics
B. emotion
C. fairness
D. anecdotes
E. actualities

Answer: Option E

Explanation:

Dakota discusses the actualities of increased traffic and the decline in the teaching of drivers education. She doesn't use statistics (choice a). Her argument is not emotion filled, which rules out choice b. She doesn't mention fairness (choice c) and doesn't tell stories about specific situations (choice d).