# Logical Reasoning - Analyzing Arguments

Exercise : Analyzing Arguments - Type 5
Directions to Solve

Giving children computers in grade school is a waste of money and teachers time. These children are too young to learn how to use computers effectively and need to spend time on learning the basics, like arithmetic and reading. After all, a baby has to crawl before she can walk.

1.
Which of the following, if true, would strengthen the speaker's argument?
studies showing computers are expensive
research on the effect of computer games on children
examples of high school students who use computers improperly
proof that the cost of computers is coming down
evidence that using computers makes learning to read difficult
Explanation:
This evidence would back up the speaker's contention that young students should learn the basics before learning computers. Choices a and d, which are both about cost, would have no effect on the argument. Choices b and c are too vague.

2.
Which of the following, if true, would weaken the speaker's argument?
a demonstration that computers can be used to teach reading and arithmetic
analysis of the cost-effectiveness of new computers versus repairing old computers
examples of adults who do not know how to use computers
recent grade reports of students in the computer classes
a visit to a classroom where computers are being used