Is India ready for Electric Vehicles?

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120 comments Page 1 of 12.

Smriti said:   3 years ago
To know whether India is ready for electric cars or not people should first know what is electric vehicles. Electric vehicles, unlike conventional petrol and diesel vehicles, use one or more electric motors for propulsion. Electric vehicles have a battery that is charged through an electricity supply. The electric energy is then stored and used to power the electric motor.

According to a report by NITI Aayog,

India can save 64% of anticipated passenger road-based mobility-related energy demand and 37% of carbon emissions in 2030 by pursuing a shared, electric, and connected mobility future.

This would result in a reduction of 156 mega toes in diesel and petrol consumption for that year. At USD 52/bbl of crude, this would imply a net savings of roughly Rs 3.9 lakh crore (approximately 60 billion USD) in 2030. These figures clearly indicate an urgent requirement for the replacement of conventional vehicles with electric vehicles.

While prominent manufacturers such as Maruti Suzuki India, Hero Electric Vehicles, Mahindra and Mahindra are already registered electric manufacturers in India, latest collaborations such as Suzuki and Toyota, are planning to launch electric vehicles in India.

On the same lines, India's first EV manufacturer Mahindra and Mahindra has forged a partnership with Ford to develop electric mobility solutions that are affordable for Indian consumers.

Among the world's 20 most polluted cities in the world, 13 are in India. Vehicular pollution is one of the major contributors to air pollution. India is in a group of countries that has the highest particulate matter (PM) levels. Its cities have the highest levels of PM10 and PM2. 5 (particles with a diameter of 10 microns and 2.5 microns). These figures are six times more than the WHO "safe' limit of 25 micrograms and represent the exigency for Electrical Vehicles.

Electric vehicles are not only Environment Friendly but also Cost Effective as Government is incentivizing the use of Electric Vehicles by providing subsidies and lower motor taxes on EVs. Electric Vehicles are 100 per cent eco-friendly. They do not emit toxic gases or smoke in the environment which leads to global warming and helps to reduce pollution. As electricity is majorly produced from either renewable sources or from sources that emit no greenhouse gases thus EVs help in maintaining energy security by shifting dependence from non-renewable resources to renewable resources. Electric vehicles require less maintenance than conventional vehicles as there are fewer fluids (like oil and transmission fluid) to change and fewer moving parts. Electric vehicles are quieter to operate than gasoline-powered vehicles, leading to a reduction in noise pollution.

So, the answers is YES, India is ready for electric vehicles.

Yo Amit said:   4 years ago
In my opinion, India is partially ready for Electric Vehicles. It will take a good amount of 5 to 10 years from now. As the majority of the people in India depends on vehicle run by either petrol or diesel, the transportation economy depends on the use of these vehicles. If we suddenly put pressure on EVs the automobile sector will be adversely affected as we have seen in the recent July 2019 budget where more encouragement was given to the use of EVs by reducing the prices and increasing the price of vehicles run by petrol or diesel. The GDP saw a drastic fall in the automobile sector. This resulted in people losing their jobs, their livelihood, people bought fewer goods which affected the profit of companies, resulting in less wage and lower job creation which again reduced the GDP by a higher rate.

Before getting ready for using EVs we must first change our old system of transportation in a slower but steady pace, drastic change may sometimes backfire. EVs as a whole is a huge revolution. Before manufacturing and encouraging the buying of EVs use must have a proper infrastructure, more charging stations, road safety instructions, etc. People must be properly educated on the advantages of using EVs.

As we know the climate is changing drastically, pollution by vehicles has been one of the major factors in it. As more and more vehicles using petrol and diesel are increasing, pollution is increasing. Cities in India have become polluted to the greatest extent, the Air Index is worst in major cities like Delhi, Mumbai, etc making it unfit to breathe. Air pollution is causing various Respiratory Diseases and in the worst-case Cancer. We must change things in order to save ourselves. Also, petrol and diesel are non-renewable sources of energy. In recent year the natural resources have depleted and are depleting at a faster rate. A time will definitely come when these natural resources will be gone and no further petrol or diesel will be available. EVs are the best possible solution for reducing environmental damage as well as reducing the depletion rate of natural resources.

At last, I would like to conclude that India should get ready for using EVs rapidly keeping the economy as well as the environment in mind. Not only India but the world must be ready for EVs, to give a beautiful and healthy future to the next generation.

Krishna said:   5 years ago
Hello friends,

Myself Bhargav.

I think India is still in the preparation stage for electric vehicles because.

1. The electric charging stations are not available everywhere in India except for the metropolitan cities like Delhi, Mumbai, and Bengaluru and recently in the upcoming capital Amaravathi by KIA motors. Due to this fact they are not preferable for long distance drives.

2. Initial cost, battery cost, less no of sources for batteries, time for charging are making people not to prefer electric vehicle.

3. In order to reduce pollution in many metropolitan cities like Delhi, Mumbai etc and make eco-friendly.

4. The government has also launched schemes like FAME (faster adoption and manufacturing of electric vehicles) I & II and sanctioned a huge sum of amount for the development of hybrid and electric vehicles by providing subsidies on electric vehicles.

5. Private organizations like Mahindra and Mahindra has also stepped forward by introducing the electric versions like Reva, e2o and by constructing many electric charging stations in the major cities.

6. Recently ola, an online cab booking service has also launched its electric vehicle project in Nagpur in collaboration with Mahindra, as a part of its mission electric programme.

7. Some private organizations are forming partnerships like Mahindra and ford, Suzuki and Toyota to make electric mobility solutions available at an affordable for the Indian consumers.


Electric vehicles in India are still in the developing stage which is being promoted by the government as well as the original equipment manufacturers (automotive industry) in order to make the eco-friendly environment and cost-effective journey for the passengers.

ANONYMOUS said:   3 months ago
Yes definitely, India is ready for EVs.

We see in India, every year there are more than 1 million EVs are sold. The government is trying to promote EVs. Gov. Started to build futuristic projects like 4 to 6-lane highways with 1-2 lanes for heavy EVs like trucks, and buses. In Gujarat, Gov. Replace all public transportation buses with EV buses, now we can also see EV auto in many states, in Gujarat Govt is giving 70% subsidies to install solar roof panels. So production of the electricity can increase. In India, new reserves for LI are now found in J & K as well as Rajasthan too. Govt is not taking TAXs to buy EVs. So, now India can reduce co2 emission by 37% till 2030 as per the NITI Aayog report, as a result of this we can decrease the petrol and diesel use by 150 mega tones. There are many startups started based on EVs and EV charging stations now.

EVs are quieter (as result of low noise pollution) than normal IC engine vehicles and have more torque as well as pickup. By TATA customers only reduced co2 emissions and save 2. 5 L tones of co2. Many companies are now launching EVs like mahindra& Mahindra, TATA, OLA, Ather and many more. The cost of the ev is also now being reduced and people are now replacing vehicles by EVs.

But, some disadvantages are also there in EVs like safety, charging time, range, and power stations. Here we have to improve with modern technology. But if we use coal to produce electricity then there is no such meaning to use EV. Our goal is to reduce the use of fossil fuels but as of now no good results globally. We have to use minimum energy to Li battery production.

Mahesh said:   4 years ago
Good evening all of you.

I think my point of view, India is still not ready for electric vehicles because India is still a developing country, not a developed country. There are many other things and factors to be developed in India, for example, there are many villages in India still not getting proper water and electricity. So making a charging station for electric vehicles instead of providing proper electricity to the villages is not appropriate. And also the electric vehicle may run slow and have to charge after some interval of distance travel. So the construction of such number of the electric vehicle charging station is may costly. I know the electric vehicles are eco frindly but we have to charge the electric vehicles so the electricity may consume. And the percentage of electricity and say the share of electricity in India by the thermal power plant is large compare to others. So in thermal power plant because of coal the Nox and so2 formation is there that effect the environment. As nowadays the reuse of flue gases from such power plant may decrease the amount of Nox and so2 gases but I think India has to make a big share of electricity from hydropower plant, wind power plant and nuclear power plant then and then we can think about the electric vehicles. And it takes some more years in India to develop such non-conventional power plant. So I think my point of at this time India is not ready for electric vehicles because to providing electricity to the remote villages is first priority instead of providing an electric charging station for an electric vehicle. Thank you.

PRATIP BANERJEE said:   3 years ago
Good evening everyone. Today's topic is one of the most crucial topics of this time period. So, first of all in India is one of the most largely populated countries after china and in India, most people don't have a private car that's why a large number of people used to travel by public transport. Public transport usually consumes diesel and sometimes petrol so there is a large amount of air pollution takes place which was harmful to our health and as well as the environment. Apart from that cost of diesel and Petrols increasing day by day so this is a golden time to shift from fossil fuel consumed car to electric vehicle, it is the one and only option to save our Indian sub-continent as well as the world.

So when we apply this idea there were some challenges, like-.

1. Charging infrastructure: A report of the Indian govt says in India there is approximately 70000 pump in Otherside approx 2900 EV charging station are there.
2. Higher cost-In EV every part is valuable and the cost is higher if we compared with fossil fuel vehicle.
3. Lack of technology.
4. Large dependency on other countries. (especially in china).
5. Lack of skilled worker.
6. Possible disruption in the automobile sector.

Govt of India takes a lot of initiative.

Our focus areas-.

1. Create a charging infrastructure.
2.R&D in battery technology (shift from li ions).
3. EV education.

If we create those things and govt encouraged people to buy EV so there is a good future of EV in India because in the current scenario India is one of the most convertible markets in the world.

Thank you.

Lokesh Palaiya said:   5 months ago
Good Afternoon!

I'm Lokesh Palaiya. As the topic of discussion is "whether India is ready for Electric Vehicles or not".

As per the current scenario, India as a developing Nation gradually gaining its momentum in order to sustain or declare Itself Vishvguru (World Power). If we talk about like Electric Vehicle sector out of many. According to the United Nations and other government and private newsletters, we have come to know that vehicles completely operated on Petrol and diesel are prime to consume vast amount of energy resources and as a result making our environment filled with numerous types of diseases caused by pollution such noise pollution, air pollution and water pollution during crude stage. In this contest, Each and every developed and developing economy are trying it's hard to go completely carbon less for Which Indian PM Modi has a mandate or vision to make India Carbon free till 2030 in order to have completed his ambitions Government has come up with discerning and insightful schemes to subsidize Private Vehicle manufacturing companies If they produce the targeted amount of vehicles as per the govt requisite and sale it to the consumer. But recently we are some issues in adopting EVs because of the high cost of battery which usually takes around 22-24 hours for a full charge. And issues like lack of EV stations cause they are only available in highly economically stable metropolitan cities such as Mumbai, Bengaluru, Delhi and Kolkata but not even a single trace of station in Tier 2 or Tier 3 cities.

Thank You.

Mahesh said:   4 years ago
As my point, in some city of India, the electrical vehicle should be first priority after seeing the environment scenario of such cities like Delhi. Where the pollution is at a peak. So to use an electric vehicle is necessary for such type of city before it going to be so late so we can compensate or manage the environmental issues of such cities. So whatever the cost of infrastructure should be done and have to give first priority to such cities for an electric vehicle. Because all we know that the electric vehicle is does not affect the environment badly and also it does not produce noise pollution. And even the cost of charging the battery will be going to be less conpare to the fuels like diesel and petrol. And in another city of India which not so much polluted there currently electric vehicle is not needed. Because India is a big country and has the second-largest pollution in the world. So the infrastructure of an electric vehicle is going to give a high cost to the government. Because in such type of country if do the change immediately that will give us adverse effect although the electric vehicle is one of the steps to making our country from developing to developed. But it is a step by step process. That should be followed accordingly. And yes after looking at the scenario of GDP growth rate of India currently we can't go for the electric vehicle but yes we have to go for an electric vehicle in such cities where pollution is on the peak. Thank you.

Tanishq Udai Singh said:   2 years ago
Talking about the need of electic vehicle in India, yes India do require electric vehicle but if we talk about whether India is ready or not. I would like to show the other side of the coin still the major problem which India is facing is electric vehicle required charging and still there are not many such charging stations are avaible. Also, electric vehicle are not having powerful engine as compared to diesel and petrol vehicle and as we all know that India is a land of diversity, bu the term diversity I need to say about its geography as there are hills and mountains where these electric vehicles will not be able to create a good impact. Also, most Indians do prefer diesel and petrol cars as they are not much aware of electric vehicles and the other reasons is still many household don't have charging facility for electric cars and electric stations will charge some money for charging. Here, I would like to draw your attention towards a major problem as a person if I charging the vehicle then it will require sometime but for some person time is still a important factor while on the other hand petrol and diesel cars do require money but at the same time they don't require time as compare to electric vehicles. Talking about pollution now eco friendly fuels are been developed that emit less harmful gases as compare to other fuel.

Chaitanya Narkhede said:   5 years ago
Many reasons have been stated before this post, but I disagree with some of them as I don't think that India is ready for electric vehicles. Some of my friends have stated that because of the population we should move to EVs, but there are many other constraints too that matter a lot like do we have the proper infrastructure like charging points for these vehicles. If it will be planned that the charging stations will be made, then do we have that much area because there are many people in India who still don't have a place to live, the shelter for them. First-of-all, the Indian govt should facilitate them, and then think of EVs until then we can rely on CNGs which is a good option as per the present scenario and also we have CNG filling stations which ready to use.

Another reason why we should not go for EVs is that India is a developing country, so its citizens need speed which these EVs are not able to fulfil. They (public transport EVs) run max at the speed of 45kmph which is not enough. These vehicles need proper maintenance whereas nowadays, various brands are launching vehicles that need minimum maintenance. Also, EVs need minimum 3-4 hrs to charge and also they get discharged after every 200 km. So it's not a deal of profit or any kind of benefit.

So, from my point of view, India is not ready for EVs.


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