Verbal Reasoning - Syllogism - Discussion

Discussion Forum : Syllogism - Syllogism 1 (Q.No. 2)
Directions to Solve

In each of the following questions two statements are given and these statements are followed by two conclusions numbered (1) and (2). You have to take the given two statements to be true even if they seem to be at variance from commonly known facts. Read the conclusions and then decide which of the given conclusions logically follows from the two given statements, disregarding commonly known facts.

Give answer:

  • (A) If only (1) conclusion follows
  • (B) If only (2) conclusion follows
  • (C) If either (1) or (2) follows
  • (D) If neither (1) nor (2) follows and
  • (E) If both (1) and (2) follow.

2.

Statements: All the harmoniums are instruments. All the instruments are flutes.

Conclusions:

  1. All the flutes are instruments.
  2. All the harmoniums are flutes.

Only (1) conclusion follows
Only (2) conclusion follows
Either (1) or (2) follows
Neither (1) nor (2) follows
Both (1) and (2) follow
Answer: Option
Explanation:
Discussion:
70 comments Page 1 of 7.

Soumya said:   2 years ago
All harmonium are instruments.

But not all instruments are flutes.

So, in my opinion, the answer is A.
(16)

Prakash said:   4 years ago
Instead of following this diagrammatic representation, if we follow the syllogism rules basis it would be easier and we can solve it in less than minute.
(6)

Thanusri said:   11 months ago
Option B is correct.

Only 2 conclusion follows is the right answer.
(5)

Yangdol said:   11 months ago
Let's analyse the given statements and draw conclusions based on them:.

Given Statements:.

1. All the harmoniums are instruments.
(This can be represented as: All Harmoniums (H) are Instruments (I)).

2. All the instruments are flutes.
(This can be represented as: All Instruments (I) are Flutes (F)).

Conclusions:.

1. All the flutes are instruments.
(This can be represented as: All Flutes (F) are Instruments (I)).

2. All the harmoniums are flutes.
(This can be represented as: All Harmoniums (H) are Flutes (F)).

Let's evaluate each conclusion:.
All the flutes are instruments.
This conclusion can be derived from the second statement (All instruments are flutes). So, it follows logically. (True).
All the harmoniums are flutes.

This conclusion cannot be derived from the given statements. We know that all harmoniums are instruments, and all instruments are flutes, but this doesn't necessarily mean that all harmoniums are flutes. (False).

So, the correct option is:

A) Only (1) conclusion follows.

Explanation:

The first conclusion (All the flutes are instruments) follows logically from the given statements because it is directly stated in the second premise.

However, the second conclusion (All the harmoniums are flutes) does not necessarily follow from the given statements. Just because all harmoniums are instruments and all instruments are flutes doesn't imply that all harmoniums are flutes. There could be other instruments besides flutes that harmoniums might fall under.

Hence, this conclusion is not valid.
(4)

Deb Nc said:   3 years ago
Both the statement has instrument. That means All harmoniums and flutes are instrument. So, the biggest circle should be instrument.

E is not the answer because conclusion 1 is the reversed statement 2. It is not valid.

To get the conclusion, we will omit the same word from 1 & 2 statement. Then we will relate the remaining words from 2 statements.
(2)

Ayush said:   5 years ago
Set of instruments and set of flute can also overlap so answer might be (d).
(1)

Asif said:   6 years ago
Very easy Simple trick for inner and outer circle problem.

If we move from inner to outer circle two conclusions are correct (all+some), whereas if we move from outer to inner only (some) conclusion is correct.

All flutes are instruments (we are moving from outer to inner so only "some" conclusion correct), all harmonious are flute (we are moving from inner to outer hence in conclusion wherever "all and some come that is correct).
(1)

Neil said:   7 years ago
According to the Directions to Solve:

Read the conclusions and then decide which of the given conclusions logically follows from the two given statements, "disregarding commonly known facts".

So, if we just consider the 2 given statements:
All the harmoniums are instruments.
All the instruments are flutes (Conclusion 1).
which means, All the harmoniums are flutes (Conclusion 2).

So, Both Conclusions should be correct.

Najmul haque said:   8 years ago
Answer should be d.

All the harmonium= all the instrument.
All the instrument = all the flute.

So both the statement is true.

All the flutes are instruments.
All the harmoniums are flutes.

Vishnu said:   7 years ago
Both the conclusion are true through possible diagram.


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