Exercise :: Arithmetic Reasoning  Section 1
 Arithmetic Reasoning  Section 1
 Arithmetic Reasoning  Section 2
1.  The total of the ages of Amar, Akbar and Anthony is 80 years. What was the total of their ages three years ago ? 

Answer: Option A Explanation: Required sum = (80  3 x 3) years = (80  9) years = 71 years. 
2.  Two bus tickets from city A to B and three tickets from city A to C cost Rs. 77 but three tickets from city A to B and two tickets from city A to C cost Rs. 73. What are the fares for cities B and C from A ? 

Answer: Option B Explanation: Let Rs. x be the fare of city B from city A and Rs. y be the fare of city C from city A. Then, 2x + 3y = 77 ...(i) and 3x + 2y = 73 ...(ii) Multiplying (i) by 3 and (ii) by 2 and subtracting, we get: 5y = 85 or y = 17. Putting y = 17 in (i), we get: x = 13. 
3.  An institute organised a fete and 1/5 of the girls and 1/8 of the boys participated in the same. What fraction of the total number of students took part in the fete ? 


4.  A number of friends decided to go on a picnic and planned to spend Rs. 96 on eatables. Four of them, however, did not turn up. As a consequence, the remaining ones had to contribute Rs. 4 each extra. The number of those who attended the picnic was 

Answer: Option A Explanation: 
5.  A, B, C, D and E play a game of cards. A says to B, "If you give me three cards, you will have as many as E has and if I give you three cards, you will have as many as D has." A and B together have 10 cards more than what D and E together have. If B has two cards more than what C has and the total number of cards be 133, how many cards does B have ? 

Answer: Option C Explanation: Clearly, we have : B3 = E ...(i) B + 3 = D ...(ii) A+B = D + E+10 ...(iii) B = C + 2 ...(iv) A+B + C + D + E= 133 ...(v) From (i) and (ii), we have : 2 B = D + E ...(vi) From (iii) and (vi), we have : A = B + 10 ...(vii) Using (iv), (vi) and (vii) in (v), we get: (B + 10) + B + (B  2) + 2B = 133 5B = 125 B = 25. 