# Logical Reasoning - Statement and Conclusion - Discussion

Discussion Forum : Statement and Conclusion - Section 1 (Q.No. 48)
Directions to Solve

In each question below is given a statement followed by two conclusions numbered I and II. You have to assume everything in the statement to be true, then consider the two conclusions together and decide which of them logically follows beyond a reasonable doubt from the information given in the statement.

• (A) If only conclusion I follows
• (B) If only conclusion II follows
• (C) If either I or II follows
• (D) If neither I nor II follows and
• (E) If both I and II follow.

48.

Statements: Until our country achieves economic equality, political freedom and democracy would be meaningless.

Conclusions:

1. Political freedom and democracy go hand in hand.
2. Economic equality leads to real political freedom and democracy.
Only conclusion I follows
Only conclusion II follows
Either I or II follows
Neither I nor II follows
Both I and II follow
Explanation:
Nothing about the relation between political freedom and democracy is mentioned in the statement. So, I does not follow. But II directly follows from the given statement.
Discussion:
1 comments Page 1 of 1.

Robert M. said:   9 years ago
Your reasoning here is seriously flawed as you do not grasp the difference between necessary and sufficient (in a mathematical sense).

The statement: There can no be democracy without economic development would be true (necessary).

That means for B (democracy) to exist, a (economy) must be present. The statement that b follows from a is a completely different statement which is often not true. Thus II is complete speculation.