Logical Reasoning - Statement and Assumption - Discussion

In each question below is given a statement followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement.

Give answer

  • (A) If only assumption I is implicit
  • (B) If only assumption II is implicit
  • (C) If either I or II is implicit
  • (D) If neither I nor II is implicit
  • (E) If both I and II are implicit.


Statement: Sachin wrote to his brother at Bangalore to collect personally the application form from the University for the Post-graduation Course in Mathematics.


  1. The University may issue application forms to a person other than the prospective student.
  2. Sachin's brother may receive the letter well before the last date of collecting application forms.

[A]. Only assumption I is implicit
[B]. Only assumption II is implicit
[C]. Either I or II is implicit
[D]. Neither I nor II is implicit
[E]. Both I and II are implicit

Answer: Option E


Since Sachin has asked his brother to collect the form, it is evident that the university may issue the form to anybody and that Sachin's brother would receive the letter before the last date of collecting the forms. So, both I and II are implicit.

Reshu said: (Mar 10, 2011)  
1 says university may issue forms to a person other than the student-it would mean to anyone but not the student. Hence only 2 should be valid. Please clear the doubt. Thank you.

Sampath said: (Aug 14, 2013)  
But in the assumptions given that only that person can collect who wanted to post graduation so I support only assumption 2.

Srikrishna said: (Jun 23, 2015)  
There is no mention of any particular date in it. How can it be both?

Pramod Kumar said: (Jul 14, 2015)  
The statement implies that the university can issue the form by some other mode also e.g. By post or through other means.

However, due to some reason, Sachin has requested his brother to collect the form personally. Hence only 2 follows.

Kush said: (Apr 4, 2016)  
Nothing can be said about the university or reaching date of letter. And if you are assuming this, even I can assume that sachin lives in delhi. Can't I?

Gauri Bharti said: (May 14, 2016)  
Nothing has been mentioned about the last date of collecting the forms.

Then, why assumption II is implicit?

Rinisha said: (Jul 4, 2016)  
Please explain. How can II be implicit?

Himanshi Raikwar said: (Apr 16, 2017)  
You can't assume 2nd.

Answer should be 1st because this is the reason that he wrote the letter to his brother.

Hrishikesh said: (Apr 26, 2018)  
Answer is both. 1) One is implied because when Sachin is writing a letter to his brother he assumed that university may issue form to any person other than a student. Simply negate the 1st assumption. By negating we get if university will not allow any person to receive app form apart from student then what is the point in writing the letter by Sachin to his brother. 2) one is implied because of "may" because when he writes a letter he may assume that his brother takes the application form before the last date. Although the date is not given because "may" is implied.

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