Logical Reasoning - Statement and Assumption - Discussion

In each question below is given a statement followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement.

Give answer

  • (A) If only assumption I is implicit
  • (B) If only assumption II is implicit
  • (C) If either I or II is implicit
  • (D) If neither I nor II is implicit
  • (E) If both I and II are implicit.

1. 

Statement: Many historians have done more harm than good by distorting truth.

Assumptions:

  1. People believe what is reported by the historians.
  2. Historians are seldom expected to depict the truth.

[A]. Only assumption I is implicit
[B]. Only assumption II is implicit
[C]. Either I or II is implicit
[D]. Neither I nor II is implicit
[E]. Both I and II are implicit

Answer: Option A

Explanation:

The fact that historians have done harm by distorting truth, means that people believe what is reported by the historians. So, I is implicit. II does not follow from the statement and so is not implicit.

Simplysindhu said: (Jun 6, 2015)  
People believing distorted facts has been the effect of distorting facts.

Harish said: (Aug 23, 2016)  
There is no point of belief over here it's just a saying or opinion. None of the assumptions are implicit.

Vysakh said: (Apr 16, 2017)  
In my opinion, both are implicit since historians a known to distort the truth.

Which implies they rarely show the truth as it is. Thus the second assumption can also be take into consideration.

Aditi said: (Sep 5, 2017)  
Both are implicit.

Estelle said: (Apr 6, 2019)  
@Sindu.

Both the statements are implicit.

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