Logical Reasoning - Course of Action

Exercise : Course of Action - Section 3
Directions to Solve

In each question below is given a statement followed by three courses of action numbered I, II and III. You have to assume everything in the statement to be true, then decide which of the three given suggested courses of action logically follows for pursuing.


36.

Statement: Nuclear power cannot make a country secure.

Courses of Action:

  1. We must stop further expenses on increasing our nuclear power.
  2. We must destroy our nuclear capability.
  3. We must concentrate on improving our diplomatic relations.

Only I follows
Only II follows
Only III follows
Only I and III follow
Answer: Option
Explanation:
The statement asserts that increasing defensive power does not ensure the safety of a country. It is equally important to maintain good relations with other countries as well. But this does not imply that the country should stop concentrating on increasing defensive power or destroy the existing power. Thus, only III follows.

37.

Statement: There has been an unprecedented increase in use of malpractices by the students during various examinations held in the country this year.

Courses of Action:

  1. All the concerned authorities conducting these examinations should immediately take effective measures to curb this menace.
  2. All those students who are detected to have used unfair means should be debarred from appearing in any of these examinations for the next three years.
  3. Using unfair means should immediately be made cognizable offence by passing necessary legislations.

Only I follows
Only I and II follow
Only II and III follow
Only I and III follow
All follow
Answer: Option
Explanation:
Use of malpractices does away with the basic essence of examinations and hence it ought to be checked. So, I follows. Also, the fear of harsh punishments would prevent students from using unfair means. So, II also follows. But declaring it a crime may spoil the career of students who are caught using unfair means. So, III does not follow.

38.

Statement: In one of the worst accidents in railway level crossing, fifty people died when a bus carrying them collided on to a running train.

Courses of Action:

  1. The train driver should immediately be suspended.
  2. The driver of the bus should be tried in court for negligence on his part.
  3. The railway authority should be asked to man all its level crossings.

None follows
Only I and II follow
Only III follows
Only II and III follow
None of these
Answer: Option
Explanation:
The problem discussed in the statement is not regarding the current accident, but to do something to avert such mishaps. Accidents at railway crossings can be averted by deploying men to regulate traffic and installing barriers to check traffic movement when a train passes by. So, only III follows.

39.

Statement: A mass mortality of shrimps in ponds on entire Andhra coast has recently been reported due to the presence of a virus.

Courses of Action:

  1. The water of the ponds affected should immediately be treated for identifying the nature of the virus.
  2. The catching of shrimps from the ponds should temporarily be stopped.
  3. The fishermen should be asked to watch for the onset of such phenomenon in nature.

Only I follows
Only I and II follow
All follow
Only II and III follow
None of these
Answer: Option
Explanation:
The urgent need is to identify the causative virus and then treat the pond water accordingly to eliminate them. So, only I follows.

40.

Statement: Drinking water supply to New Bombay has been suspended till further orders from Maharashtra Pollution Control Board following pollution of Patalganga river, caused by discharge of effluents from some chemical industries.

Courses of Action:

  1. The industries responsible for discharging effluents into the river should be asked to close down immediately.
  2. The river water should immediately be treated chemically before resuming supply.
  3. The Pollution Control Board should check the nature of effluents being discharged into the river by industries at regular intervals.

Only I follows
Only II and III follow
Only III follows
All follow
None of these
Answer: Option
Explanation:
The situation demands checking the nature of effluents being discharged into the river and treating the water accordingly to make it fit for drinking. So, both II and III follow. Further, the industries discharging effluents into the river should be warned not to do so and asked to install proper waste treatment and disposal systems, rather than be closed down. Thus, I does not follow.