Logical Reasoning - Course of Action

Exercise :: Course of Action - Section 3

In each question below is given a statement followed by three courses of action numbered I, II and III. You have to assume everything in the statement to be true, then decide which of the three given suggested courses of action logically follows for pursuing.

1. 

Statement: The weather bureau has through a recent bulletin forecast heavy rainfall during the next week which may cause water logging in several parts of the city.

Courses of Action:

  1. The bulletin should be given wide publicity through the mass media.
  2. The civic authority should keep in readiness the pumping system for removal of water from these parts.
  3. The people should be advised to stay indoors during the period.

A. None follows
B. Only I and II follow
C. Only II follows
D. Only II and III follow
E. None of these

Answer: Option D

Explanation:

The issue is not so big as to be made public extensively. So, I does not follow. Besides, the authorities must be prepared to deal with the problem effectively and persuade the people to stay indoors to avoid inconvenience arising out of water-logging. Thus, both II and III follow.

2. 

Statement: A train derailed near a station while moving over a bridge and fell into a river, resulting in the death of 65 people.

Courses of Action:

  1. The Railway Authorities should clarify the reason of the accident to the Government.
  2. The Government should allocate funds to compensate the destruction caused.
  3. The protection walls of the bridge should be made strong enough to avoid such accidents.

A. Only I and II follow
B. Only II and III follow
C. Only III follows
D. All follow
E. None of these

Answer: Option C

Explanation:

What is necessary is the preventive measures to protect the passengers, steps to avoid re-occurrence of such events and pay the sufferers adequate compensation. So, only course III follows.

3. 

Statement: Poverty is increasing because the people, who are deciding how to tackle it, know absolutely nothing about the poor.

Courses of Action:

  1. The decision makers should go to the grass root levels.
  2. The decision makers should come from the poorer sections of the society.
  3. A new set of decision makers should replace the existing one.

A. Only I follows
B. Only II follows
C. Only either I or III follows
D. All follow

Answer: Option A

Explanation:

The statement indirectly asserts that the decision makers can work effectively to eliminate poverty, only if they get to know the basic problems afflicting the poor people through interaction with them. So, only I follows.

4. 

Statement: Besides looks and appearances, it is also important to develop oneself from within.

Courses of Action:

  1. One should not pay attention to fashion.
  2. One should pay attention to fashion.
  3. Books on self-development should be encouraged.

A. Only I follows
B. Only II follows
C. Only III follows
D. Only I and III follow

Answer: Option C

Explanation:

The statement stresses the need for all-round personality development of an individual. So, only III follows.

5. 

Statement: There is an unprecedented increase in the production of wheat this kharif season in most parts of the country.

Courses of Action:

  1. The government should immediately lower down the procurement price of wheat.
  2. The farmers should be asked to store the excess produces with themselves to be used for future.
  3. The government should make its best efforts to export wheat to augment its presence in international market.

A. Only I and II follow
B. Only II and III follow
C. Only I and III follow
D. All follow
E. None of these

Answer: Option E

Explanation:

Clearly, both steps I and II are not commercially viable for the farmers. So, none of them follows. The only solution lies in the government attempting to export the excess produce of wheat. Thus, only III follows.

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