Logical Reasoning - Course of Action

Exercise :: Course of Action - Section 2

In each question below is given a statement followed by two courses of action numbered I and II. You have to assume everything in the statement to be true and on the basis of the information given in the statement, decide which of the suggested courses of action logically follow(s) for pursuing.

Give answer

  • (A) If only I follows
  • (B) If only II follows
  • (C) If either I or II follows
  • (D) If neither I nor II follows
  • (E) If both I and II follow.

1. 

Statement: The Secretary lamented that the electronic media was losing its credibility and that it should try to regain it by establishing better communications with the listeners and the viewers. He also emphasised the need for training to improve the functioning.

Courses of Action:

  1. Efforts should be made to get organised feed back on the programme.
  2. The critical areas in which the staff requires training should be identified.

A. Only I follows
B. Only II follows
C. Either I or II follows
D. Neither I nor II follows
E. Both I and II follow

Answer: Option E

Explanation:

Clearly, both the courses directly follow from the pre-requisites mentioned in the statement.

2. 

Statement: Courts take too long in deciding important disputes of various departments.

Courses of Action:

  1. Courts should be ordered to speed up matters.
  2. Special powers should be granted to officers to settle disputes concerning their department.

A. Only I follows
B. Only II follows
C. Either I or II follows
D. Neither I nor II follows
E. Both I and II follow

Answer: Option E

Explanation:

Clearly, either the work in the court needs to be speeded up or the system be reorganised so that more number of problems can be resolved at the lower levels itself, to provide speedy justice to the people. So, both the courses follow.

3. 

Statement: Certain mining industries in Gujarat may come to a standstill because of the notification issued by the Department of Environment and Forest banning mining operations and industries alike within 25 kms of National Park, the game sanctuary and reserve forest areas.

Courses of Action:

  1. The Department should be asked to immediately withdraw the notification.
  2. The Government should make effort to shift the parks, sanctuaries and reserve forests to other non-mining areas.

A. Only I follows
B. Only II follows
C. Either I or II follows
D. Neither I nor II follows
E. Both I and II follow

Answer: Option D

Explanation:

Clearly, none of the courses of action follows because firstly, the notification is issued to protect the natural environment and so cannot be withdrawn and secondly, the sanctuaries etc. cannot be shifted.

4. 

Statement: There have been many instances of derailment of trains due to landslide in the hilly areas which caused loss of many lives.

Courses of Action:

  1. The railway authority should arrange to deploy pilot engines before the movement of passenger trains in the hilly areas to alert the trains in case of any landslide.
  2. The railway authority should strengthen the hill slopes by putting iron meshes so that the loose boulders do not fall on the track.

A. Only I follows
B. Only II follows
C. Either I or II follows
D. Neither I nor II follows
E. Both I and II follow

Answer: Option C

Explanation:

Clearly, either something should be done to alert the trains well in advance in case of a landslide or some means should be adopted to prevent blockage of tracks during landslides. Thus, either I or II follows.

5. 

Statement: India today is midstream in its demographic transaction. In the last 60 years there has been an almost continuous decline in mortality; while fertility has declined over the last 20 years. The consequence is that there has been a rapid growth in population over the last 50 years.

Courses of Action:

  1. India should immediately revitalise its family planning programme.
  2. The Government should immediately launch a massive education programme through mass media highlighting the implication of population growth at the present rate.

A. Only I follows
B. Only II follows
C. Either I or II follows
D. Neither I nor II follows
E. Both I and II follow

Answer: Option E

Explanation:

Clearly, to face the problem of the ever-growing population, an effective family planning programme, for the people to have small families, is a must. Education shall further stress the advantages of having lesser number of children and the disasters of the fast growth in population. Thus, both the courses follow.