Logical Reasoning - Cause and Effect - Discussion

Discussion :: Cause and Effect - Cause and Effect (Q.No.13)

In each of the following questions, two statements numbered I and II are given. There may be cause and effect relationship between the two statements. These two statements may be the effect of the same cause or independent causes. These statements may be independent causes without having any relationship. Read both the statements in each question and mark your answer as

  • (A) If statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect;
  • (B) If statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect;
  • (C) If both the statements I and II are independent causes;
  • (D) If both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes; and
  • (E) If both the statements I and II are effects of some common cause.

13. 

Statements:

  1. The private medical colleges have increased the tuition fees in the current year by 200 per cent over the last year's fees to meet the expenses.
  2. The Government medical colleges have not increased their fees in spite of price escalation.

[A]. Statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect
[B]. Statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect
[C]. Both the statements I and II are independent causes
[D]. Both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes
[E]. Both the statements I and II are effects of some common cause

Answer: Option C

Explanation:

The increase in the fees of the private colleges and there being no increase in the same in Government colleges seem to be policy matters undertaken by the individual decisive boards at the two levels.

Y123 said: (Dec 12, 2011)  
Hi Can anybody explain how can we differentaiate cause and effect in this case? Both the statement can be seen as effects of some independent cause also ?

Vivek said: (Apr 2, 2012)  
Both the statement can be seen as effects of some independent cause also ?

Narendra said: (Aug 22, 2012)  
Both are independent effects...

Gautam said: (Sep 9, 2013)  
The cause for both the actions is same that is increase in the price escalation. So I think E is a better option.

Aman said: (Nov 10, 2014)  
I am having problem in recognize option c and d both are independent causes and effect of independent causes how to distinguish between them. Any suggestions?

Deepti said: (Dec 12, 2014)  
For the first statement we cannot state that the cause was the escalation in price hike, it could be low tuition fees from the students as well. Whereas the second statement states the escalation of price rates.

Clearly, we can see that both statements show the effect from a cause.

Therefore, I think the correct option should be - D.

Roshan Singh said: (Jan 13, 2015)  
Is there any way to clearly differentiate between cause and effect?

Sai Sumanth Chedella said: (Sep 13, 2015)  
What it means is in order to cope up the state of the art technology which is getting more advance day by day the colleges have no choice but to increase their fees but their tax burdens can be decreased if government college students can pay more for the state of the art infrastructures with the best possible faculty of the country.

And in turn these people choose to go for multinational companies in order to reach the pinnacle of what they are doing. I think its in governments best interest to raise money for which they could relax taxation on private colleges. How much time and money do you really think is required to built such institutions with such reputation?

Some innovative loan schemes where if a person gets a good job and career his some earned of money can be paid back to the government itself at very cheap loans. I think this will create more revenue for the government colleges.

Therefore, I really think that one of the causes for private colleges increasing the fees every year.

Brave G said: (Aug 22, 2016)  
I can't recognize option c ever. In my view again these are effects. Can anybody explain how these are causes and how the answer is c?

Niharika said: (Feb 2, 2017)  
Independent causes never take place it's always the independent effects. So, the question like this can never have an answer of independent causes.

Dibya said: (Aug 4, 2017)  
Can't it be option E?

Where for a common cause (financial problem) there are two different effect?

One is increasing the fees another one is remaining as it was.

Manendra said: (May 28, 2018)  
In my opinion, as I observe in given explanation which is - "The increase in the fees of the private colleges and there being no increase in the same in Government colleges seem to be policy matters undertaken by the individual decisive boards at the two levels".

According to them, it is seeming a policy matter. By the individual board of the private medical college, the fee has been increased. It all depends on board whether they want to increase or not despite of expenses. This is a cause. And later There could be some effects from this cause: such as - protest of students etc.

And at another independent level, the board of the government medical colleges have not increased the fees despite of price escalation. After all, they are funded by the government.

Ayesha Naeem said: (Sep 3, 2021)  
Option E should be correct. These are "effects "of independent causes.

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