Logical Reasoning - Cause and Effect - Discussion

Discussion :: Cause and Effect - Cause and Effect (Q.No.5)

In each of the following questions, two statements numbered I and II are given. There may be cause and effect relationship between the two statements. These two statements may be the effect of the same cause or independent causes. These statements may be independent causes without having any relationship. Read both the statements in each question and mark your answer as

  • (A) If statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect;
  • (B) If statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect;
  • (C) If both the statements I and II are independent causes;
  • (D) If both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes; and
  • (E) If both the statements I and II are effects of some common cause.

5. 

Statements:

  1. India has surpassed the value of tea exports this year over all the earlier years due to an increase in demand for quality tea in the European market.
  2. There is an increase in demand of coffee in the domestic market during the last two years.

[A]. Statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect
[B]. Statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect
[C]. Both the statements I and II are independent causes
[D]. Both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes
[E]. Both the statements I and II are effects of some common cause

Answer: Option C

Explanation:

The two statements discuss two separate statistical and generalised results.

Ashutosh Tiwari said: (Feb 7, 2012)  
Answer should be D.

Both the statements are effects of some causes which are not connected.

Drew said: (Jul 15, 2012)  
I. India's exports are the result of increased demand = effect. How are increased exports a cause? Exporting more does not cause more consumption.

Harry said: (Nov 29, 2012)  
D correct answer

Elana said: (Apr 25, 2013)  
If we see demand law then when demand of tea in foreign countries rises then, we will face scarcity of tea and as a result in our country demand of coffee will increase.

Wentao Tang said: (Oct 3, 2013)  
How can we define if it is a cause or an effect when these two are independent?

Veronica said: (Jun 5, 2014)  
If we export more of tea, less will be available in the domestic country. Due to this the price of tea will rise, so demand for it will fall and hence people will demand more of coffee (substitute for tea).

Veronica said: (Jun 5, 2014)  
If we export more of tea, less will be available in the domestic country. Due to this the price of tea will rise, so demand for it will fall and hence people will demand more of coffee (substitute for tea).

Monika Dhodi said: (Aug 29, 2014)  
If more amount of tea is being exported to the European countries then we will have less amount of tea with us which will result in the consumption of coffee as a substitute.

Arshad Ayub said: (Dec 5, 2014)  
D is the right answer as the statement says demand has increased which is an effect not cause.

G744 said: (Mar 31, 2015)  
What is the difference between effect and cause?

Gautam said: (Jun 24, 2015)  
We have to understand that in the question tea as a substitute of coffee is not given. So we can't assume it to be. Just avoid this and you will get C answer.

Bikash said: (Jul 25, 2015)  
What is the difference between independent causes vs effects of independent cause?

Chanchal Soni said: (Aug 6, 2015)  
D would be correct answer because the demand in market is increase.

Sonia said: (Nov 29, 2015)  
Cause means the reason why something has happened effect is the result.

In this question, I think statement both A and B are effects of something.

Bongani Prince Masango said: (Apr 3, 2017)  
D is the right answer. You need to know the difference in a 'cause' and an 'effect' before answering this one.

Cause :- A person or thing that gives rise to an action, phenomenon, or condition.
Effect :- A change which is a result or consequence of an action or other cause.

Paru said: (Apr 21, 2017)  
Yes, I think D is the correct answer.

Pratik said: (Mar 23, 2018)  
D is the right answer. Both the statements are "effect" & Not sure how anyone can think they are "causes"!

Pavani said: (Dec 25, 2018)  
Option D is the correct answer.

Pritansh said: (Apr 23, 2019)  
I think C should be the answer because the increase in demand for tea in the European market would be the MAIN cause behind the increase in the value of tea by govt of India (as in statement 1 it is said).

Then increase in demand for coffee in the domestic market would also be a cause due to which suppose (just assume) that the price of a coffee would have been increased.

So, both these statements clearly indicate 2 totally different causes which can EASILY give rise to different effects.

Ahmed said: (Jul 9, 2019)  
How to identify the cause in the statement? Please tell me.

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