Logical Reasoning - Cause and Effect - Discussion

Discussion :: Cause and Effect - Cause and Effect (Q.No.4)

In each of the following questions, two statements numbered I and II are given. There may be cause and effect relationship between the two statements. These two statements may be the effect of the same cause or independent causes. These statements may be independent causes without having any relationship. Read both the statements in each question and mark your answer as

  • (A) If statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect;
  • (B) If statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect;
  • (C) If both the statements I and II are independent causes;
  • (D) If both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes; and
  • (E) If both the statements I and II are effects of some common cause.



  1. All the schools in the area had to be kept closed for most part of the week.
  2. Many parents have withdrawn their children from the local schools.

[A]. Statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect
[B]. Statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect
[C]. Both the statements I and II are independent causes
[D]. Both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes
[E]. Both the statements I and II are effects of some common cause

Answer: Option D


Closing the schools for a week and the parents withdrawing their wards from the local schools are independent issues, which must have been triggered by different individual causes.

Deepak Kumar said: (Jun 17, 2011)  
From my point of view the withdraw of the students from the school may be because the school remain closed for most part of the week.

Rohit Dua said: (Dec 15, 2011)  
I agree with deepak kumar.
This site has good ques but many of the answers does'nt have any logical grounds.

Ashutosh Tiwari said: (Feb 7, 2012)  
Why can't the answer be C where both the statements are the independent causes ?

Vishnu said: (May 31, 2012)  
Yes, there is a chance that people might have withdrawn their children because the school was shutdown for a week, but still there would be a reason for the school being shutdown and so that makes it the ultimate reason, for the two events that happened. So even if it is a chain incident the immediate cause for the withdrawal would be the closure of the school.

So I agree with Deepak.

Narendra said: (Aug 22, 2012)  
I agree with deepak and vishnu

B786 said: (Jun 27, 2013)  
Yes I also agree and there is also a possibility that as both situations have occurred in a particular locality so there can also b a single cause i.e. some terrorism etc in the locality, for both the effects.

Ejaj Akhter said: (Jul 13, 2013)  
In case of (I) all the school in a certain area are closed, the reason may be some disaster or very cold or hot days of year.

In case of (II) many parents withdrawn their children from local schools in which the standards of education is not so good to meet the future requirement of child or there are lack of good teachers in the school.

It is also clear for not relation of two statements are that in (I) all the school and in (II) local schools only.

So, Both the statement are effect of independent cause.

Govindarajan said: (Feb 20, 2015)  
Option E can also be the right answer. Some disaster could have occurred causing both statements to occur. Both have a common cause.

Chanchal Soni said: (Aug 6, 2015)  
In my point of view both are depend situation, so answer A will correct answer.

Mano said: (Dec 8, 2015)  
Why can not we think like because of parents withdraw their wards so school remain closed for most part of the week isn't it true?

Paul said: (Feb 22, 2016)  
I think option E is correct, Because there would be a common cause for the closing of school for a week and the withdrawal of students.

Siddhartha said: (Aug 6, 2017)  
At my point, when many of parents withdrawing there student form locals school, that's why the school could not continue there classes so they close there school.

I thik that the correct opition is B.

Vikas Bamnath said: (Mar 8, 2018)  
Both the statements are effects of common cause, So Option E is correct.

Likhitha said: (Jul 9, 2018)  
I agree @Deepak kumar.

God said: (Dec 2, 2019)  
I feel E should be the answer, as we are talking about a common cause, the words 'in the area' in statement 1 and 'local schools' in statement 2 help us conclude option E.

Muhammad Yapeto said: (Feb 7, 2020)  
My understanding is that such may not be close just because some parents (not all) withdraw their childs since the structures as well as the teachers are still there and it's not mentioned either the school is private (profit-making) or govt (right of citizens and free in most nations) own as regards to that I conclude by saying statement 2 cannot be the cause of such closure hence option D is my answer.

Tejaslokesh said: (Aug 28, 2020)  
From my point of view, statement 1 is a cause because the school have been closed most of the time in a week and statement 2 is the effect so the parents withdrew their children from the school.

Sudhanshu Mishra said: (Jul 25, 2021)  
Here 1 and 2 both are effects because.
Schools are closed due to any cause.
Many parents take out their children due to any cause.

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