Electronics and Communication Engineering - Exam Questions Papers - Discussion


Figure shows four D type FFs are connected as a shift register using an XOR gate. The initial state and 3 subsequent states for 3 clock pulses are also given

The state QA QB QC QD after the 4th clock pulse is

[A]. 0000
[B]. 1111
[C]. 1001
[D]. 1000

Answer: Option D


After the 3rd pulse FF3 is 0 and FF4 is 1, so that XOR output is 1 which is fed to DA.

So, QA = 1, QA to QB → 0

AB to AC → 0, QC → QD → 0.

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