Data Interpretation - Table Charts - Discussion

Study the following table and answer the questions based on it.

Expenditures of a Company (in Lakh Rupees) per Annum Over the given Years.

Year Item of Expenditure
Salary Fuel and Transport Bonus Interest on Loans Taxes
1998288983.0023.483
19993421122.5232.5108
20003241013.8441.674
20013361333.6836.488
20024201423.9649.498

3. 

Total expenditure on all these items in 1998 was approximately what percent of the total expenditure in 2002?

[A]. 62%
[B]. 66%
[C]. 69%
[D]. 71%

Answer: Option C

Explanation:

Required percentage
= [ (288 + 98 + 3.00 + 23.4 + 83) x 100 ] %
(420 + 142 + 3.96 + 49.4 + 98)
= [ 495.4 x 100 ] %
713.36
~= 69.45%.


Bhanu said: (Nov 24, 2010)  
I can't understand the formula, how it will be obtained.

Mllikarjun said: (Feb 8, 2011)  
Here, we have to find the percentage of expenditure 2002-1998

Munna said: (Mar 22, 2011)  
Fast caluclation (495.4/713.36*100) please send me.

Kishor Dutta said: (Aug 1, 2011)  
How to make fast calculation. Please send some tips. Due to lengthy calculation I am not able to complete all arithmetic problem. Help me.

Mahesh said: (Aug 26, 2011)  
I can't understand the formula, how it will be obtained.

Please tell me some tips for lengthy calculation with decimal points, For ratio & Percentage calculation purpose.

Aydiv said: (Sep 24, 2011)  
Isn't expenditure supposed to be subtracted from the salary. ?

Ritu said: (Nov 6, 2011)  
In entrance exam we need fast calculation method so tell me that way only.

Silky said: (Dec 14, 2011)  
Please tell me the formula how you calculate it I need a help.

Swathi said: (Dec 15, 2011)  
Division with decimal will be critical so try to remove decimal like for example
495.4/713.36*100
=4954000/71336
as we have >60% in option
71336*6=428016
71336*7=499352
Hence answer will be app 69%

Dhvani said: (Dec 30, 2011)  
Please explain easily. I can't got the method.

Vijay said: (Feb 5, 2012)  
Why multiply 6 & 7 by 71336?

Priyanka said: (Jun 5, 2012)  
But only 1998 and 2002 data are used. Whats the reason behind it please give the detail.

Tuti said: (Jun 15, 2012)  
According to problem you need to compare expenditure of 1998 and 2002.

=>Expenditure consists of Salary+fuel and transport+bonus+interest on loan+transport.

1998 expenditure= 288+98+3.00+23.4+83.

2002 expenditure= 420+142+3.96+49.4+98.

1998 expenditure= 495.4.

2002 expenditure= 713.36.

So, 495.4/713.36*100.

=69%.

Viveknath said: (Aug 26, 2012)  
How they simplify the answer into Percentage

Anamika said: (Aug 29, 2012)  
How to make fast calculation. Please send some tips. Due to lengthy calculation I am not able to complete all arithmetic problem. Help me.

Anup Khedkar said: (Oct 19, 2012)  
I got the answer in easy way,
It is
(495.4/713.36)*100 = 49540/713.36
Now simply go by option they are 62 66 69 71
Multiply 713.36 by each option which ever closer to numerator 49540 that will be answer.
In this case
713.36*69=49221.84 which is closer to 49540 so 69 is the answer.

Stalin said: (Mar 3, 2013)  
It is very simple:.

The formula for percentage = Total expenditure/Total expenditure *100.

Here comes the answer to the above question is
Total expenditure in 1998/ Total expenditure in 2002 * 100.

495.40/713.36 = 0.6958618369*100= 69.58 take it as 69%.

Nirmaljames said: (Apr 28, 2013)  
How salary can be added in case of expenditure? I found (d) as the answer without adding salary in the calculation.

Naveen said: (Jun 30, 2013)  
See the above table heading clearly mentioned as "Items of Expenditure".

Archana said: (Jul 30, 2013)  
Here we are finding the percentage of 1998 in terms of 2002. So in such situations denominator term should be the value which comes after "PERCENTAGE OF THE". In the question it is Given that "what PERCENTAGE OF THE total expenditure in 2002?". SO the values of 2002 should be in denominator place.

i.e.,

Total expenditure in 1998/Total expenditure in 2002.

In order to calculate the % multiply it with 100.

Total expenditure in 1998 *100/Total expenditure in 2002.

Anjali said: (Apr 25, 2014)  
Why 288 has been added while calculating the expenditure 288 is the salary earned?

Anurag said: (May 11, 2014)  
The header of the table clearly says "Items of Expenditure". Hence Salary is added to the total expenditure.

Vivek Jasele said: (May 30, 2014)  
Better to by approximation method such as we have,

495.4/713.36*100=495400/713360*100=49540/71336*100.
49540 app = 50000.

71336 app = 70000.

Hence 50000/70000*100 = 5/7*100 = 70% approx answer near to 69%.

Hemanth said: (Sep 17, 2014)  
Simply x is what % of y = x/y*100.

Abhishek said: (Jun 20, 2015)  
How can we calculate the accurate division value without calculate?

Sameera said: (Aug 18, 2015)  
I can't understand this type of problem easily prepared.

Sriharsha said: (Sep 3, 2015)  
Guys, I found in most of the comments that why salary is been added expenditure right? Let me help you out as in question all the statistics given are in company's point of view. So, for a company to give (reduces the amount to the company) salaries to its employees becomes expenditure and for employee it is a gain (adds the money) for the work he/she done.

Bublee said: (Oct 23, 2015)  
How to calculate fast in DI?

Anjali said: (Dec 31, 2015)  
Why we add salary as it is given to find expenditure? Please explain?

Morwin said: (Apr 17, 2016)  
These all are an expenditure of a particular company.

Total of 1998 = 495.4

2002 = 713.36

495.4 / 713.36 * 100

69 something,

Almost 69% answer.

Basu said: (Apr 17, 2016)  
The table of expenditure is given in point of company's view. So the salary is also the expenditure to the company, in the case of employee the salary is a gain but for the company it expenditure only.

Raj Sekhar said: (Jun 17, 2016)  
Is there any shortcuts for finding the value of 495.4/713.36?

Lakshmi said: (Aug 5, 2016)  
1998 in all expenditure all these items: 288 + 98 + 3.00 + 23.4 + 83.

2002 in all expenditure all these items: 420 + 142 + 3.96 + 49.4 + 98.

How to calculate it in easy method? please send me an easy way.

Sandra Nwokoye said: (Aug 17, 2016)  
I was thinking that the salary should be removed from the calculation.

Ag.Deva Madhaiyan said: (Sep 4, 2016)  
@Sandra.

Here they asking total expenses of the years not only the salary.

Suresh Kumar said: (Oct 29, 2016)  
@Morwin.

See the the question, total is given so we have to add the (salaries + fuel & transport + bonus + interest + taxes) in 1998 & 2002.

Padmaja said: (Aug 27, 2017)  
According to the solution, I think so initial year expenditure /final year expenditure *100.

Gaurav Khanna said: (Aug 31, 2017)  
Question is all about expense part only and income is included while calculating the same, Why? Nothing to do with the salary, bonus as the question is expense focussed.

Vishal Verma said: (Nov 20, 2017)  
I did not get this question in this question total Expenditure so the bonus is a part of the salary. An if we directly calculate the by taking the salary portion of both the year then also you would get the same answer 69%.

Ramkumar said: (Dec 9, 2017)  
Isn't expenditure is supposed to be subtracted from the salary?

Tejas said: (Jan 22, 2018)  
Why is that they have considered salary n bonus in expenditure?

Vaishali Srivastava said: (Jun 27, 2018)  
How can they include salary in expenditures? please explain anyone.

Nida said: (Jul 15, 2018)  
shouldn't it be like this?

(salary + bonus - fuel&transport - interest - taxes).

= ((288+3-98-23.4-83) / ( 420+3.96-142-49.4-98) ) *100 = 64.35%.

Bharat Sharma said: (Sep 3, 2018)  
Can someone please tell me how to multiply 495.4 with 100?

And how to divide that total by 713.36

How is this percentage multiplied?

Please, anyone explain me.

Faisal said: (Nov 23, 2018)  
I want to know why salary and bonus is added in this calculation because the question is asking about expenditure percentage not income and salary & the bonus is income? Please tell me

Naveen said: (Jan 15, 2019)  
How the salary come into the expenditure?

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