Current Affairs - Science

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Exercise : Science - Latest Current Affairs
  • Science - Latest Current Affairs
1.
What is the primary affected organ in Kawasaki disease?
Kidneys
Heart
Lungs
Liver
Answer: Option
Explanation:
Kawasaki disease primarily affects the heart, causing inflammation of the blood vessels, especially the coronary arteries. This condition is characterized by a high fever and can lead to serious complications if left untreated, emphasizing the importance of early diagnosis and treatment.

2.
Where was the West Nile virus first detected?
India
Uganda
Brazil
China
Answer: Option
Explanation:
The West Nile virus was first detected in Uganda in 1937, making it the country where this viral infection was initially identified. This vector-borne disease has since spread globally, including to regions like India, where it was first reported in Kerala in 2011.

3.
What type of virus is Mpox?
RNA virus
DNA virus
Retrovirus
Adenovirus
Answer: Option
Explanation:
Mpox, also known as monkeypox, belongs to the family Poxviridae and is classified as a DNA virus. DNA viruses like Mpox have double-stranded DNA as their genetic material, and they exhibit specific characteristics in terms of replication and infection mechanisms compared to RNA viruses or other types of viruses.

4.
According to the WHO's 2024 Global Hepatitis Report, in which position does India rank globally for Hepatitis B and C cases?
First
Third
Fourth
Second
Answer: Option
Explanation:
India ranks second globally in Hepatitis B and C cases, with 3.5 crore infections, as per the WHO's 2024 Global Hepatitis Report. This ranking highlights the significant health challenges posed by Hepatitis and the need for public health interventions.

5.
What instrument is being developed as part of the PRATUSH project to study the universe?
Microscope
Compass
Barometer
Telescope
Answer: Option
Explanation:
The PRATUSH project involves the development of a high-resolution telescope, aiming to study the reionization era of the universe by capturing signals from hydrogen and offering insights into cosmic evolution. This telescope, named PRATUSH, will be deployed on the moon's far side after initial adjustments and fine-tuning in Earth's orbit, enabling astronomers to detect signals emitted by the first stars and galaxies, answering fundamental questions about the early universe.