Civil Engineering - Building Materials - Discussion


In a mortar, the binding material is

[A]. cement
[B]. sand
[C]. surkhi
[D]. cinder.

Answer: Option A


No answer description available for this question.

Sundar said: (Mar 28, 2013)  
Mortar: A cup-shaped receptacle made of hard material, in which ingredients are crushed or ground, used esp. in cooking or pharmacy.

Karan said: (Mar 28, 2013)  
Mortar is a mixture of cement sand and water.

And its ratio varies depending upon where it is used.

Riyaz said: (Mar 31, 2013)  
In a motor cement is a binding material aggregates gives strength and sand is used to fill the space in between aggregates and to give better finish.

Jitndrakumar said: (Apr 1, 2013)  
Cement is hardness of binding.

Shilpi Singh Rajpoot said: (Apr 7, 2013)  
Mortar is the mixture of cement, sand. Aggregate and water. It may be in different-2 ratios. The setting time of cement is minimum in all those of aggregates and that is 30 minutes. So thats why, in mortar cement is the binding material.

Jamil Khan said: (Jun 5, 2013)  
Mortar is consists of binding material, sand, and water. So we use cement mostly for paste. Because cement have cementitious property and it tightly bind aggregates.

Soubhagya said: (Jun 8, 2013)  
Mortar is used in different proportions in many applications where it is used?

Yogendra said: (Jun 27, 2013)  
Because it is binding material for making mortar or other.

Mounika said: (Jul 1, 2013)  
Cement is used as binding because it consists of chemical substances present in it.

Haryiiit said: (Jul 19, 2013)  
Cement has binding nature because of it's contents. They are Silica, Aluminium, Iron and other material like ash.

Lakshmi said: (Aug 6, 2013)  
Mortar is mix of cement, sand and water. Cement plays a role of binder by its slurry nature due presents of minerals like Al, S, ash etc while mixing with water.

Robin Sanwat said: (Aug 8, 2013)  
Mortar is mix of cement, sand and water but after adding aggregate then we can say concrete so in mortar cement is a binding material.

Jagdish Dangi said: (Sep 7, 2013)  
Definitely mortar is binding material in mortar specially cement is used for binding purpose.

Vijay said: (Sep 10, 2013)  
Cement is a soft, dried & packed in air tight, which gives solid mass on reaction with water. Hence cement is the binding material in mortar.

Eng. M. A. RIZVAN said: (Sep 24, 2013)  
A mixture of lime called Mortar.

Taral Patel said: (Sep 27, 2013)  
A mortar is mixture of cement, sand and water. It's proportion depend on where it is use.

Vinaych said: (Oct 5, 2013)  
Cement is the perfect binding material.

Maheswari said: (Oct 28, 2013)  
Cement mortar is the combination of cement and water. When water added into the cement it becomes pasty, so it is termed as binder.

Ranjith said: (Nov 26, 2013)  
Cement is a mixture of all things so that's why it is binding material in mortar.

Atiq Ahmad said: (Jan 23, 2014)  
Mortar which is usually called refers to the mixture of cement sand and water whereas lime mortar refers to the mixture of lime sand and water but both are used as a binding material.

Sivasankar said: (Jan 28, 2014)  
Cement is mainly a binding medium which when hardened with the other materials in a concrete produces a homogeneous mass. Sand is used to fill the voids between the Coarse aggregate in which cement is used to bind these two together.

Uma Gayathri said: (Feb 7, 2014)  
Cement is based on the mixing of cement, sand and water.

M.Joseph. said: (Feb 11, 2014)  
Cement have gypsum, due to which it is a binding material.

Rakesh Sahu said: (Feb 14, 2014)  
Why use of concrete in structure?

Kavya said: (Mar 6, 2014)  
Concrete is a mixture of cement, coarse aggregates and fine aggregates (in 1:2:4 ratio, it may varies for different structures) , water.

Cement is used as binder, coarse aggregates are for strength, fine aggregates are used to fill the gaps of coarse aggregates, water is used to mix all the materials homogeneously.

Not only concrete, we can also use steel. But concrete have more resistance towards fire, and of less cost, maintenance cost is low as compared to steel so we use concrete in structures.


Steel can be reused but concrete can not be reusable.

Ram Royals said: (Mar 24, 2014)  
Mortar is binding materials mixture of cement and sand so used the cement is binding materials.

Sonam Tobgay said: (Apr 6, 2014)  
Since cement contains binding properties (when it is mixed with water the chemical process called hydration is ignited).

Sachin Kumar said: (May 23, 2014)  
Mortar - Binding material + Aggregates + water.

1. Aggregate - In Coarse form (Gitty) & In fine form (Mauroom).
2. Binding Material - Use as a Lime & Use as a Cement.

Lime Mortar - Lime+Gitty+Mauroom+water.
Cement Mortar - Cement+Gitty+Mauroom+Water.

Importance :

1. Coarse Material- Provide pore space for filling the binding material.

2. Binding Material- It bind coarse type of material and fine type of material with water.

Provide Minimum setting time (30min) for coarse & fine Material.

3. Fine Material- Some type of tiny pore space not filled so we used fine material & Provide good finishing.

4. Water- Mixing of coarse, Fine, & Binding material without water called Dry Mortar.

And then mix the water in Dry Mortar & make it Slurry Form.

Slurry mortar fix easily in pores.

5. Mortar is not reusable like brick and steel.

Rishiraj said: (Jun 19, 2014)  
What is cinder than?

Santiago said: (Jun 25, 2014)  
Mortar is a mixture and cement as ingredient to mortar serves as paste to bind becoming concrete.

Suresh Babu said: (Jun 29, 2014)  
Mortar is mixture of cement, sand, aggregate and water. It may be in different ratio.

Mukkara Raviteja said: (Jul 3, 2014)  
In this type of mortar, the cement is used as binding material. Depending upon the strength required and importance of work, the proportion of cement to sand by volume varies from 1:2 to 1:6 or more. It should be noted that surkhi and cinder are not chemically inert substances and hence they cannot be used as adulterants with matrix as cement. Thus the sand only can be used to form cement mortar. The proportion of cement with respect to sand should be determined with due regard to the specified durability and working conditions. The cement mortar is used where a mortar of high strength and water-resisting properties is required such as underground constructions, water saturated soils, etc.

Gokul D said: (Jul 19, 2014)  
The properties of cement is only react with water to get harden. But other materials not react the same. So the answer is cement.

M.GOPIKISHAN said: (Jul 22, 2014)  
Cement is a binding material because it consists of sio2, fe2o3, cao, ai2o3, water.

Pratyush said: (Sep 10, 2014)  
Because cement has both cohesive and adhesive property.

Reshma,sapana said: (Sep 12, 2014)  
Mortar is prepared from sand cement and water it is very hardness material in building construction. Cement is a binding material.

Akash S said: (Sep 30, 2014)  
Cement is used because it act as a gum material during construction.

Subhash Kumar said: (Nov 7, 2014)  
Mortar is mixer of cement sand aggregate and water.

Brajesh Rajpoot said: (Nov 10, 2014)  
The mixing between sand &cement.

MADHU PRIYA said: (Nov 19, 2014)  
Binding materials utilized in construction for making concretes and mortars, in bonding together individual elements of structural components, in waterproofing, and so on.

Binding materials are powdered substances that have the capacity when mixed (with water) to form a plastic mass that later hardens into a strong, rock-like solid.

Saran said: (Dec 10, 2014)  
Without using cement, they should not work to cement, sand and water.

Saurabh Bidani said: (Dec 19, 2014)  
Cement - Used as binding material.

SAND - Sand is used for filling voids of coarse aggregate & increases its strength as well as durability.

SURKHI - Surkhi is used as substitute for sand for concrete and mortar, and has almost the same function as of sand but it also imparts some.

Strength and hydraulicity. Surkhi is made by grinding to powder burnt. Bricks, brick-bats or burnt clay.

CINDER - Cinder is ash. *in simple language. Having same work as sand & cinder.

Hence sand can be replaced by cinder or surkhi. *Some building codes expressly prohibit the use of cinder blocks in construction projects.

Gopinadha Reddy said: (Dec 28, 2014)  
Cement has ingredients lime, magnesium, calcium etc it forms banding with fine aggregate so it has used as binder in mortar.

Manikandan said: (Jan 4, 2015)  
In this type of motor, the lime is used as binding material.

Yashomita Sharma said: (Jan 22, 2015)  
Cement is used as a binding material in cement concrete mortar and in mud mortar mud is used as binding material.

Veggar said: (Feb 27, 2015)  
Mortar is the most important to use as a glue between the brick of walls, so mortar it can describe as a combination or binding materials.

Sunil Behera said: (Mar 9, 2015)  
Cement is used as a binding material in cement concrete. Mortar used by building materials.

PIYUSH SINGH said: (Mar 12, 2015)  
Cement / Lime / Clay are the binding materials used in Mortar, Concrete (Cement only), Clay is used in old construction.

CHANGALA SAIKIRAN said: (May 18, 2015)  
Cement is an mud mortar of build material because of that lime and clay mixed with concrete because of that mortar is used in buildings.

RAJESH SINHA said: (Jun 18, 2015)  
In a mortar aggregate and sand give strength after binding by cement. Therefore the binding material is cement.

M.K Panda said: (Aug 4, 2015)  
If it is cement mortar then binding material is cement, if it is lime mortar then lime is binding material, if it is cement lime mortar then binding material is both cement and lime. In the modern era cement is the most common use binding material. Mortar is nothing but it is the mixture of binding material and water.

RAMRATAN said: (Aug 4, 2015)  
Cement is the binding material cement is combined mixture to use of the mortar mortar use of cement water and use of the building.

Siva Krishna said: (Aug 8, 2015)  

Mortar means mixture of sand, cement and water.

But somebody explains that, mortar means[mixture of sand, cement, coarse agregate, water]. Which one is correct please explain sir.

Soubhagya said: (Aug 9, 2015)  
Why use concrete in structure?

Sai Kumar said: (Oct 12, 2015)  
Mortar is nothing but oldest and first name we are using. In the beginning lime mortar is there, in that lime paste is cementing material. But after prepare the cement we are using cement, sand mixed with water is cementing or combining material.

(MANUU) Md Sanauar Ansari said: (Nov 21, 2015)  
As you know that, good a binding material. But When the pasts prepared by mixing cement, sand, fine and course aggregates in suitable proportion and addition to water is called concrete used for R.C.C works.

ASHRUF said: (Feb 28, 2016)  
A cement is a binder, a substance that sets and hardens and can bind other materials together.

Clement said: (Mar 17, 2016)  
Mortar is consist of a mixture of cements with fine sand.

Ashik Islam said: (Jun 15, 2016)  
Mortar is a composition which is made by cement, aggregate, water. Materials are in the proper ratio.

Titu said: (Jun 20, 2016)  
Cement is the heart of the mortar.

Ankushrai said: (Jun 25, 2016)  
Cement is used in mortar because of its binding property.

Pks said: (Aug 3, 2016)  
Cement acts as a binding material first forming a paste and later gets hardened.

Shujaath said: (Aug 3, 2016)  
In a mortar the cement is absolute binding material because it has the aggregates gives the strength and sand are used for the filling of the gap between empty space so by this it gives the better finishing.

Kishion Singh said: (Aug 21, 2016)  
Yes, the cement is a most binding material.

Pankaj Barwal said: (Sep 2, 2016)  
Lacquer is a clear or colored wood finish that dries by solvent evaporation or a curing process that produces a hard, durable finish. This finish can be of any sheen level from ultra matter to a high gloss, and it can be further polished as required.

Pallavi said: (Sep 18, 2016)  
Cement is fine particles and cohesive property.

Monica Prakash said: (Nov 8, 2016)  
A cement is a binder, a substance used in construction that sets and hardens and can bind other materials together.

Aluko David said: (Nov 21, 2016)  
Cement serve as a blinder.

Lopamudra said: (Nov 29, 2016)  
It is a plastic mixture of binding material (like cement, lime, etc) , fine aggregates (like sand, etc) , water and any admixture approved by the engineer-in-charge. This is used to bond masonry or structural units.

Cinder is the small piece of coal @Rishiraj.

Lopamudra said: (Nov 29, 2016)  
The cement is the binding material in cement mortar and Lime is the binding material in lime mortar.

Pintu Kumar said: (Dec 12, 2016)  
The cement is the building material of mortar.

SANGANNA said: (Feb 22, 2017)  
The cement is the most important thing its as Spr binding material.

Brijbhan said: (Apr 4, 2017)  
Cement is the binding material for motar.

Ajay Thakur said: (Apr 11, 2017)  
Cement is binding material for all the ingredients in concrete.

RAMESH PARIYAR said: (Apr 14, 2017)  
Cement is the binding material for all type of mortar.

Dhana said: (May 14, 2017)  
Water+cement = paste+fine aggregate = mortor+coarse aggregate = concrete.

M.Sivanpandi said: (Jul 11, 2017)  
The cement in very useful from constructions work. The cement is binding materiel from construction field work.

Gopa Kumar said: (Aug 1, 2017)  
What are the alteratives for the cement?

Anil Sah said: (Sep 5, 2017)  
As per the question, it's clear the binding material for Mortar is cement.

Lalit Kumar said: (Nov 11, 2017)  
What's the work of surkhi ?

Sheela said: (Dec 18, 2017)  
Thanks All.

Yamuna said: (Dec 28, 2017)  
Surkhi is a substance same like sand, made by grinding of burnt bricks.

Rahul Kulkarni said: (Jan 10, 2018)  
So the answer should be both A and B because mortar is a mixture of sand, cement and water.

Shan Khan said: (Jan 17, 2018)  
Cement ate binding material.

Rabindra said: (Apr 10, 2018)  
What is cinder?

Rabindra said: (Apr 10, 2018)  
Cement is the binding ingredients.

Rabindra said: (May 1, 2018)  
Cement: Cement is binding material for all the ingredients in concrete.

Surkhi is an artificial pozzolanic material made by powdering bricks or burnt clay balls. Surkhi : ( a) It is used for making waterproof cement mortars and concrete.
(b) They also make the concrete more resistant to alkalis and salt solutions.

Cinder : (a) Cinders have been used on track surfaces and roads to provide additional traction in winter conditions.
(b) Cinders are also employed as inorganic mulch in xeriscaping, because of excellent drainage properties and erosion resistance. In this context, they are referred to frequently with the name " lava rock".

Sand: I think sand is far matchable answer to the above question.

Marier Emmanuel Mading said: (Aug 15, 2018)  
It's a mixture of sand, cement and water.

Marier Emmanuel Mading said: (Aug 15, 2018)  
It's a mixture of sand, cement and water.

Marier Emmanuel Mading said: (Aug 15, 2018)  
It's a mixture of sand, cement and water.

Marier Emmanuel Mading said: (Aug 15, 2018)  
It's a mixture of sand, cement and water.

Dinesh said: (Aug 21, 2018)  
Cement is the answer.

TAJBAHADUR YADAV said: (Feb 23, 2019)  
Cement is the correct answer. I agree with the given answer.

Shahzeb Peer said: (Apr 21, 2019)  
There are two types of aggregate 1. Course aggregate and 2. Fine aggregate.

Harshal said: (Jun 30, 2019)  
Cement and lime is binding material.

Mritunjay Singh said: (Sep 21, 2019)  
Mortar is a binder material and it's mixture of fine aggregate coarse aggregate and water.

Nitin said: (Sep 26, 2019)  
Cement is a binding material of mortar.

Niva said: (Oct 6, 2019)  
Cement-binding material.

Kaka said: (Nov 5, 2019)  
Mortar Mixture of sand cement and water.

Prakash Kakkalameli said: (Jan 18, 2020)  
Cement is binding material so mortar is a combination of cement sand and water.

Nita Singh said: (Aug 17, 2020)  
Mortar is a mixture of binding material, such as cement, sand & water. It's used to building construction, & it is the most important material for building construction.

Pattewar Shubhangi said: (Aug 20, 2020)  
Cement is the strong binding material.

Niva said: (Aug 24, 2020)  
Yes, Cement is the binding material.

NITESH said: (Aug 28, 2020)  
Surkhi is also a binding material, before cement.

Chandanraj said: (Sep 12, 2020)  
Cement is the binding material.

Waqar said: (Oct 13, 2020)  
A mortar consists of Cement, aggregates, water and admixtures.

Cement is used as a binding material.

Anil Kumar said: (Dec 31, 2020)  
By human test, cement is cool & soft felling.

When Cement & water mixing then water density less than cement. That's my point.

Rajesh said: (Feb 1, 2022)  
Mortar : Application.

1) Binder material for bricks, stone masonry courses as wall as flooring bed.
2) Plastering :
6mm for the ceiling.
12-15mm for internal.
18mm for external.

KHALISTANI SINGH said: (Jun 22, 2022)  
Yes, the cement is binding material in mortar & sand is a filling material.

Yousuf Saeed said: (Jun 24, 2022)  
The cement produces a cementing gell which acts as a binding material in mortars.

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