# Verbal Reasoning - Syllogism - Discussion

Discussion Forum : Syllogism - Syllogism 1 (Q.No. 5)

*Directions to Solve*

In each of the following questions two statements are given and these statements are followed by two conclusions numbered (1) and (2). You have to take the given two statements to be true even if they seem to be at variance from commonly known facts. Read the conclusions and then decide which of the given conclusions logically follows from the two given statements, disregarding commonly known facts.

Give answer:

- (A) If only (1) conclusion follows
- (B) If only (2) conclusion follows
- (C) If either (1) or (2) follows
- (D) If neither (1) nor (2) follows and
- (E) If both (1) and (2) follow.

5.

**Statements:** Some papers are pens. All the pencils are pens.

**Conclusions:**

- Some pens are pencils.
- Some pens are papers.

Answer: Option

Explanation:

Discussion:

62 comments Page 1 of 7.
Hanzo said:
2 months ago

The answer is D. The repeated term, "pens" cannot be used for the conclusion.

(3)

Chandramouli said:
12 months ago

Option B is the correct answer.

Some pens are pencils (pencils is inside the pen circle so option B is the correct answer).

Some pens are pencils (pencils is inside the pen circle so option B is the correct answer).

(10)

Yangdol said:
1 year ago

Let's evaluate each conclusion:

Some pens are pencils.

This conclusion can be derived from the given statements since we know that some papers are pens and all pencils are pens, it implies that there must be an overlapping region between pens and pencils. (True)

Some pens are paper.

This conclusion cannot be derived from the given statements. The statements only provide information about the relationship between papers and pens and between pencils and pens. There is no direct connection between papers and pencils on the given premises. (False)

So, the correct option is:

a) Only (1) conclusion follows

Explanation:

The first conclusion (Some pens are pencils) follows logically from the given statements since there is an overlap between the sets of papers and pencils within the set of pens.

However, the second conclusion (Some pens are paper) does not follow the given statements. There is no direct link established between papers and pencils in the provided premises. Therefore, we cannot draw this conclusion with certainty.

Some pens are pencils.

This conclusion can be derived from the given statements since we know that some papers are pens and all pencils are pens, it implies that there must be an overlapping region between pens and pencils. (True)

Some pens are paper.

This conclusion cannot be derived from the given statements. The statements only provide information about the relationship between papers and pens and between pencils and pens. There is no direct connection between papers and pencils on the given premises. (False)

So, the correct option is:

a) Only (1) conclusion follows

Explanation:

The first conclusion (Some pens are pencils) follows logically from the given statements since there is an overlap between the sets of papers and pencils within the set of pens.

However, the second conclusion (Some pens are paper) does not follow the given statements. There is no direct link established between papers and pencils in the provided premises. Therefore, we cannot draw this conclusion with certainty.

(5)

Meher vaishnavi said:
1 year ago

As the pens are not distributed in both statements. I think D is the correct option.

(7)

Kanika said:
2 years ago

Only 1 follows is the correct answer.

(10)

Bitumen said:
4 years ago

The answer is correct because we can reverse both statements and come to the conclusion where the first one can be reversed from "Some papers are pens" to "Some pens are paper" and similarly, the second statement can also be reversed from "All the pencils are pens" to "Some pen are pencils". Hence we can say that both conclusions are true i.e. option E. Both (1) and (2) follow.

(4)

Lokesh Verma said:
4 years ago

If we go according to the distributed and undistributed pattern.

Only Conclusion 2 follows.

Only Conclusion 2 follows.

(13)

Grazielle Samara said:
4 years ago

Some pens are pencils - CORRECT cause we know that ALL Pencils are Pens( Pencil are all inside Pens).

Some pens are papers- WE CAN NOT AFFIRM THIS. Since as the figure shows, the pencil can be OR NOT in the middle. The only thing we can ensure is that Pencil is inside Pens. Nothing less

So, in my opinion, the answer A is correct: Only 1 follows.

Some pens are papers- WE CAN NOT AFFIRM THIS. Since as the figure shows, the pencil can be OR NOT in the middle. The only thing we can ensure is that Pencil is inside Pens. Nothing less

So, in my opinion, the answer A is correct: Only 1 follows.

(1)

Divyansh rai said:
5 years ago

The Answer is D because the repeated term can not give a conclusion.

(2)

Anand 7829701865 said:
5 years ago

Both follows, but possible venu diagram may be wrong, since all pencils are pens but it show some pencils also papers.

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