# Verbal Reasoning - Data Sufficiency - Discussion

*Directions to Solve*

In each of the following problems, there is one question and three statements I, II and III given below the question. You have to decide whether the data given in the statements is sufficient to answer the question. Read all the statements carefully and find which of the statements is/are sufficient to answer the given question. Choose the correct alternative in each question.

**Question: ** Among P, Q, R, S and T, Q is the second tallest and S is immediate taller than the shortest. Who among them is in the middle when they stand in the order of their heights ?

**Statements:**

- T is not the shortest.
- R is taller than S but shorter than Q.
- P ranks third in height above S when all are arranged in the order of height.

From the given statement, the descending order of heights is :__, Q,__, S,__.

From II, we have the order: _, Q, R, S,__. Thus, R is in the middle.

From III, we have the order : P, Q,__, S,__. But, according to I, T is not the shortest.

So, R is the shortest. Thus, we have the order : P, Q, T, S, R. So, T is in the middle.

According to 2 _QRS_.

According to 1 TQRS_.

Means TQRSP.

Thus answer must be option E.

Only II can answer the question.

In the question, it is already mentioned:

_ Q _ S _

And the II statement says, R is taller than S but shorter than Q which means:

_ Q R S _

And the required answer is who stands in the middle. So it is R.

_ Q _ S _ ( The height being in descending order.

When we use statement (1) we get two possibilities T Q _ S _ and _ Q T S _

( Statement one says that T is not shortest. So there can be two position - tallest OR between S and Q).

Statement (2) says that it is R which is between S and Q.

So when we put R in that place we get T at the top (not at the bottom as given in first statement) and the remaining P at the bottom.

But the last sentence contradicts it.

So my point was 'Only 1& 2 are sufficient'.

"R is taller than S but shorter than Q. ".

Then it's not possible that are is shortest among all because at least its taller than S.

In My opinion, Answer-option B is wrong.

Answer should be option E.

1) T

2) Q

3) R P

4) S

5) R

Ans: None of these can give us an appropriate answer [E].

"R is taller than S but shorter than Q. ".

Then its not possible that are is shortest among all because at least its taller than S.

In My opinion, Answer-option B is wrong.

Answer should be option E.

As either II or III alone can answer the question.

And this is no where in the option given.

Note:- in five person standing in a row 3rd will be in the middle i.e. P in this case.