Verbal Reasoning - Cause and Effect - Discussion

Discussion :: Cause and Effect - Cause and Effect (Q.No.2)

Below in each of the questions are given two statements I and II. These statements may be either independent causes or may be effects of independent causes or a common cause. One of these statements may be the effect of the other statements. Read both the statements and decide which of the following answer choice correctly depicts the relationship between these two statements.

Mark answer

  • (A) If statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect.
  • (B) If statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect.
  • (C) If both the statements I and II are independent causes.
  • (D) If both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes.
  • (E) If both the statements I and II are effects of some common cause.

2. 

Statements:

  1. The meteorological Department has issued a statement mentioning deficient rainfall during monsoon in many parts of the country.
  2. The Government has lowered the revised estimated GDP growth from the level of earlier estimates.

[A]. Statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect.
[B]. Statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect.
[C]. Both the statements I and II are independent causes.
[D]. Both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes.
[E]. Both the statements I and II are effects of some common cause.

Answer: Option D

Explanation:

Both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes.

Arun said: (Dec 10, 2010)  
I think its wrong? anybody please help.

Tarun said: (Dec 13, 2010)  
correct answer..
estimates can be wrong,so revised GDP estimates can be change due to any economic reason
so lowered revised estimate is effect of some casue,
where as deficient in rainfall is again an effect of environmental cause

Athreyan said: (Jan 26, 2011)  
@ Arun

Exactly true, Arun.
Tarun's explanation is the right one to this answer.

Haris said: (Jan 29, 2011)  
I beg to differ here.
1 can be cause and 2 can be its effect. As there woudl be less rain this year, its going to affect food grain production, that will in turn affect import/export .... hence would affect GDP.

Priya said: (Oct 11, 2011)  
Yes, I totally agree with Haris. 1 can be couse & 2 can be its effect.

Anandsaurabh said: (Oct 18, 2011)  
But GDP is not only the cause of lower rainfall it is dependent upon many facotors. So, its correct.

Sanjeev Mishra said: (Feb 27, 2012)  
One must not take assumptions of one's own.
Answer must be based on the given condition,and clearly both are independent of each other, i.e rainfall and GDP(don't make wild assumptions of rainfall with GDP, lolz).
Then, to check whether they are cause or effect?
It's the effect,because govt. lowered gdp rate after some cause like inflation, recession,etc.
Obviously, it's an effect.

Good, am happy many are confused.Hope many like you must be apperaring for exams like CAT, or Civil services, just kidding.
Improve reading skills and concentrate more!

Manisha said: (May 25, 2013)  
I think 1 is cause and the second one is effect. GDP is money value of all goods and services produced in the country and due to less rainfall there may be decrease in the production, which ultimately would result in low GDP.

Tarun said: (Feb 17, 2016)  
In statement 1 deficient rainfall might be occur in non agriculture area. So production does not suffer. And does not affect the growth of GDP.

Sanjana said: (May 8, 2017)  
I feel that they are related i.e as in its because of less rainfall the govt is changing its GDP target. As it would be unrealistic to set a high GDP when the production is surely gonna be low.

Raju said: (Jan 5, 2020)  
Right, I agree, @Tarun.

Junaid said: (Oct 22, 2020)  
I think A should be the right answer.

Akshay said: (Oct 27, 2020)  
Well, 2 causes can have a common effect. We are not here to find a variety of causes, we just have to focus on the cause-effect relationship of given statements, which in this case is there. Hence A is right.

Post your comments here:

Name *:

Email   : (optional)

» Your comments will be displayed only after manual approval.