Non Verbal Reasoning - Figure Matrix - Discussion

Discussion :: Figure Matrix - Section 1 (Q.No.3)

In each of the following questions, find out which of the answer figures (1), (2), (3) and (4) completes the figure matrix ?


Select a suitable figure from the four alternatives that would complete the figure matrix.

[A]. 1
[B]. 2
[C]. 3
[D]. 4

Answer: Option A


In each row, the third figure comprises of a black circle and only those line segments which are not common to the first and the second figures.

Chethna said: (Apr 13, 2011)  
Why cant 2nd option as answer? I didnt get why the answer is 1st option for ths question?

Saurabh said: (Aug 14, 2011)  
I am also not satisfied with explanation of this question.

Alok said: (Sep 30, 2011)  
The explanation is not correct for the second row itself.

Suriyaprakash said: (Oct 6, 2011)  
See the third circle of two illustrations and assume there are four direction around the circle ie, north, south, east, west.

In the first illustration the south direction is not using for both circle so, SOUTH direction of the third circle also left unused.

Similarly, WEST direction is unused for three circles in the second illustration.

Therefore for third illustration the answer might be the circle with WEST direction unused. So, the answer is option A.

Srikar said: (Oct 30, 2011)  
Logically two ways to get the answer. How to sure the right answer?

Bipuk said: (Dec 10, 2011)  
I could'nt understand the explantation.

Deborah said: (Mar 8, 2012)  
Thank you, Suriyaprakash. It makes complete sense to me now.

Varminee said: (Aug 9, 2014)  
I still don't understand the explanation you've given, SuriyaPrakash, but thank you. Can anyone else give me a full, detailed explanation like SuriyaPrakash.

Rachana said: (Sep 2, 2014)  
If you consider columns.

The lines which are common in both the figures form the third one So. Option 1 has the common lines as the other two in column 3.

Selina said: (Apr 18, 2015)  
From the first row we see that the third picture is a composition of the first two.

For the second row, the same pattern follows on, but we remove the line that is common to both the pictures, which is the bottom one.

For the third row, there are no common pictures, so it's just a simple composition picture of the first two. Hence A.

Lakshmichandra said: (Jun 9, 2015)  
I am still confuse. Any one explain this problem clearly?

Akshit said: (Oct 22, 2015)  
Can anyone explain this question?

Shailaja said: (Jan 20, 2016)  
See consider columns here among them which is common in every column is your answer.

Anudeep said: (Apr 3, 2016)  
In each row, the third figure comprises of a black circle and only those line segments which are common to the first and the second figures.

The explanation has a type of error. It should be COMMON instead of NOT COMMON.

Tom said: (May 23, 2016)  
Yes, I agree @Anudeep.

It should be "COMMON", not "NOT COMMON".

Ankit said: (Jun 14, 2016)  
You have to make the total no of spikes in each direction 'even (2) ' in each row. For eg: In the first row, the total no of upward spikes are 2, similarly left side and right side spikes are 2. The same follows in the remaining cases.

Jibran Ali Khan said: (Jul 11, 2016)  
Each figure is changed in the block, we should have to choose those which is completely changing.

Sabi said: (Aug 2, 2016)  
Thanks @Selina.

Mathi said: (Aug 9, 2016)  
I could not understand the concept. Help me to get it.

Mariealena D'Agostino said: (Sep 2, 2016)  
The best way I understand this is to start like this. We are looking to draw a new picture on a black dot using lines that are NOT SHARED by the other 2 images (1st and 2nd block in each row, respectively). Row 1, block 1 has a line pointing up. Row 1, block 2 has a horizontal line. Neither of those images has anything in common so if you combine the lines onto the black circle in Row 1, block 3 that is the image you get.

Moving on to Row 2, block 1. It has a vertical line through it. Block 2 looks as if it reads 3:30 on a clock. What lines do they have in common if any? They have the bottom part of the vertical line in common, therefore, that will NOT be included in the picture in block 3, which leaves only the line at 12:00 (from block 1, and 3:00 (from block 2). Put them together and you have the image in Row 2, block 3.

Lastly, Row 3, block 1. It has a line at 12:00. Block 2 has only a line at 3:00. Neither of them shares the same type of line, therefore, we will use both of those lines to complete the image that belongs in Row 3, block 3.

Hasnain said: (Sep 8, 2016)  
Not necessarily the correct answer because they should also have a pattern going down the column with a pattern going across the pattern.

Naren said: (Oct 19, 2016)  
I don't understand what is "COMMON" here. First row, 3rd col is overlapse of 1st and 2nd.

Danish said: (Oct 21, 2016)  
In each column, i.e c_1, c-2 and c_3 the two fig of common part exit in 3rd fig.

So answer (a) is correct.

Amar said: (Dec 5, 2016)  
In third column, common part only remains. Ans: (a).

Sandeep said: (Dec 18, 2016)  

Your explanation is right and clear. Thanks.

Dhruval said: (Feb 14, 2017)  
Thank you @Selina.

Binh said: (Apr 6, 2017)  
Your explanation is so clear. Thank you @Mariealena D'Agostino.

Bel said: (Jun 1, 2017)  
I understand your explanation. Thanks @Rachana.

Patrick said: (Jun 17, 2017)  
Look at it like, around black dot with short arms. If the short arm appears in the first two box positioned the same way, it does not make it to the third box. In this case, both arms are not positioned the same way in the two boxes, so they make it to the third.

Harsh said: (Oct 27, 2017)  
I also Don't understand how to solve, Can anyone help me?

Milit said: (Jan 3, 2018)  
I didn't understand this. Please help me to get it.

Asif said: (Jun 12, 2018)  
I am not understanding this. Please explain it in the correct order.

Anne said: (Jun 21, 2018)  
It is understanding now, Thanks @Selina.

Anomiis said: (Jul 1, 2018)  
Simply put, the 3rd picture in each row is the equivalent of all the lines in the previous 2 pictures of the same row added together. However, whenever a line segment of the previous 2 pictures of the same row overlaps, said line gets "eliminated". The overlapping lines do not show up in the 3rd picture.

Arusty said: (Oct 6, 2018)  
Thanks @Supriya Prakash.

Bibhutibhusan said: (Oct 11, 2018)  

In the 1st column, there are 2 pins that are overlapping. One pin rotates 180° and then again 180.

In 2nd column, left pin rotates 90° clockwise and then that pin rotate again 90°.

Then 3rd column, 3 pin are there, left pin shift 90°. And then again it turns 90° that overlap on right side pin result in the answer A.

Prem Prakash said: (Oct 19, 2018)  
Why not 2?

Noor said: (Nov 25, 2018)  
Thank you @Selina.

Varun said: (Dec 29, 2018)  
Thanks a lot @Selina.

Subhadip said: (Jan 6, 2019)  
Here, the Third picture is just an addition of lines 1st two pictures with one condition that overlapping lines will be eliminated.

Paras said: (Apr 22, 2019)  
Thanks @Selina.

Raja said: (May 10, 2019)  
Common of the first row and second row is remains third row. Hence the correct answer A.

San said: (Jun 4, 2019)  
Thanks all.

Abhishek said: (Jun 9, 2019)  
Answer 1 is correct.

In this, 1st column of figure paste in to second column of the figure then we will get third column figures.

Mridul said: (Oct 30, 2019)  
Yes @Abhishekh you are right.

Sourish said: (May 6, 2020)  

Thanks for your explanation.

Kapil said: (Dec 15, 2020)  
Thank you @Mariaelena.

Post your comments here:

Name *:

Email   : (optional)

» Your comments will be displayed only after manual approval.