Logical Reasoning - Statement and Conclusion - Discussion

In each question below is given a statement followed by two conclusions numbered I and II. You have to assume everything in the statement to be true, then consider the two conclusions together and decide which of them logically follows beyond a reasonable doubt from the information given in the statement.

Give answer:

  • (A) If only conclusion I follows
  • (B) If only conclusion II follows
  • (C) If either I or II follows
  • (D) If neither I nor II follows and
  • (E) If both I and II follow.

4. 

Statements: Population increase coupled with depleting resources is going to be the scenario of many developing countries in days to come.

Conclusions:

  1. The population of developing countries will not continue to increase in future.
  2. It will be very difficult for the governments of developing countries to provide its people decent quality of life.

[A]. Only conclusion I follows
[B]. Only conclusion II follows
[C]. Either I or II follows
[D]. Neither I nor II follows
[E]. Both I and II follow

Answer: Option B

Explanation:

The fact given in I is quite contrary to the given statement. So, I does not follow. II mentions the direct implications of the state discussed in the statement. Thus, II follows.

Sasi said: (Feb 18, 2011)  
I cannot understand can anyone explain me.

Nishant said: (May 30, 2011)  
Population is increasing with a great speed and resources are getting reduced, this will b situation in the developing in coming days.

Ramesh said: (Aug 23, 2011)  
Yes I agree with Nishant.

Ghpr said: (Oct 2, 2011)  
There is logical link between population increase, resources depletion. This phenominon is particular to developing countries. Option A suggests something which is new and no way inferred from the assertion. Hence A is eliminated. With increse in population, and with resources depletion, it is logically inferred that good quality life to the population may not be possible with depleated resources. This inference is valid. Hence B is the answer.

Altay said: (Sep 29, 2014)  
I disagree and argue D. Why?

Because developed countries import most of their resources anyway.

Developed countries have moved away from manufacturing, and into the service economy (or trade of invisible goods).

Maintaining the same quality of life will therefore be a matter of importing more goods.

Sandeep Kumar said: (Apr 22, 2015)  
As population increases the rate of development declines due to lack of resources and finally stops.

Gautam Satpathy said: (Oct 12, 2016)  
Disagree that II applies. The conclusion that Govt of developing countries will find it "very difficult" to provide a "decent quality of life" is not valid.

Such Govt might be challenged in providing a decent quality of life but need not necessarily find it "very difficult".

The correct answer should be "D. Neither I nor II follows".

Suresh said: (Oct 27, 2016)  
The statement is about population and resources and has nothing to do with the quality of life. II is incorrect because, in spite of the increase in population and depletion of resources, the government can still provide a good quality of life. So the right answer should be "D".

Sameer said: (Feb 23, 2017)  
Exactly, now how come we have to include our sense of knowledge here and can't stick to the statements mentioned here. There is nowhere written that depleting resources will effect life here. It is our own knowledge that it could happen, and if we are considering our knowledge then there are multiple solutions to this problem.

Main thing is when do we decide that we have to stick to the statements mentioned and when to use our knowledge. This is very confusing. Please make this clear.

Prb said: (Jul 7, 2017)  
No information about "Quality of life" is given in the statement. So it can not be suddenly imported in conclusion.

Dive said: (Jun 16, 2018)  
The right answer must be "D".

Partha said: (Aug 15, 2018)  
I think it would be D.

Shankar said: (Feb 8, 2019)  
It should be D.

Pravin said: (Feb 7, 2021)  
Right Answer is D because the quality of life can't be deduced all of a sudden.

Kawsar Mahmud said: (Oct 27, 2021)  
I am not understanding it. Someone help me to get it.

Koushik said: (Aug 4, 2022)  
I think the option D is correct.

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