Logical Reasoning - Statement and Assumption - Discussion

In each question below is given a statement followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement.

Give answer

  • (A) If only assumption I is implicit
  • (B) If only assumption II is implicit
  • (C) If either I or II is implicit
  • (D) If neither I nor II is implicit
  • (E) If both I and II are implicit.


Statement: Many people have expressed surprise as the princess has broken the royal tradition of marriage by choosing a commoner as her life partner.


  1. People expect royal families to observe customs and traditions.
  2. People still value 'purity of royal blood' and 'status' when it comes to a marriage of members of royal family.

[A]. Only assumption I is implicit
[B]. Only assumption II is implicit
[C]. Either I or II is implicit
[D]. Neither I nor II is implicit
[E]. Both I and II are implicit

Answer: Option E


Since the princess' step has been taken by surprise, it is evident that she was not expected to marry a commoner but a person of equivalent 'status*. So, both I and II are implicit.

Peter said: (May 21, 2015)  
I don't feel assumption II is implicit. The expression of surprise doesn't necessarily imply that people value 'purity of royal blood'. Many people could not support the idea of royal interbreeding but merely be surprised that a royal had the confidence to break tradition.

You can be in support of royals marrying commoners and be shocked a royal did it because 'you never thought you'd see the day'.

Pragya said: (Oct 7, 2015)  
Same here I think only A is implicit.

Sabarinath S said: (Jun 28, 2016)  
Assumption I can be the Reason for 'surprise' factor in the above 'Statement' so I is implicit. In Statement no clue for what people still value is not mentioned. So II is 'not Implicit'.

Aniket A.Pathak said: (Dec 24, 2016)  
Only option 1 follows, about purity of blood ect is not mentioned in statement.

Arka said: (Apr 20, 2017)  
I "expect" there will be a power failure. Does not necessarily mean I "value" a power failure.

Payal said: (Sep 12, 2017)  
I think only 1 option is implicit.

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