# Logical Reasoning - Statement and Assumption - Discussion

### Discussion :: Statement and Assumption - Section 2 (Q.No.4)

In each question below is given a statement followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement.

• (A) If only assumption I is implicit
• (B) If only assumption II is implicit
• (C) If either I or II is implicit
• (D) If neither I nor II is implicit
• (E) If both I and II are implicit.

4.

Statement: If he is intelligent, he will pass the examination.

Assumptions:

1. To pass, he must be intelligent.
2. He will pass the examination.

 [A]. Only assumption I is implicit [B]. Only assumption II is implicit [C]. Either I or II is implicit [D]. Neither I nor II is implicit [E]. Both I and II are implicit

Explanation:

The statement mentions that he will pass if he is intelligent. So, I is implicit. Further, this means that it is not necessary that he will pass. So, II is not implicit.

 Alice said: (Sep 3, 2011) Intelligence is only one way of passing the exam; another way can be hardwork without much inherent talent.

 Alice said: (Sep 3, 2011) The answer should be D.

 Luca said: (Nov 18, 2014) The statement is "If A then B" and not "Only if A, then B", which means B can be without A.

 Balaji said: (Nov 6, 2015) I am not sure, why it has to be A? If he is intelligent, he will pass the exam. It doesn't mean that he must be intelligent.

 Avinash said: (Dec 28, 2015) Exactly, as its if-then clause not a only if-then so, I is not implicit. A person may pass by cheating, hard-work or luck.

 Prince said: (Aug 18, 2016) The answer should be D.

 Harish said: (Aug 23, 2016) The statement says that A implies B but not B implies A. So, I think none is implicit.

 Mats said: (Jun 5, 2017) I think, D is the correct answer.

 Lisa said: (Oct 24, 2017) The answer should be D.

 Prithwish said: (Feb 16, 2018) A is correct. Statement itself saying if he intelligent, he will pass the exam. So, he have to intelligent.

 Aniket Halder said: (May 1, 2021) I think the answer should be D.