Logical Reasoning - Statement and Assumption - Discussion

In each question below is given a statement followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement.

Give answer

  • (A) If only assumption I is implicit
  • (B) If only assumption II is implicit
  • (C) If either I or II is implicit
  • (D) If neither I nor II is implicit
  • (E) If both I and II are implicit.


Statement: If he is intelligent, he will pass the examination.


  1. To pass, he must be intelligent.
  2. He will pass the examination.

[A]. Only assumption I is implicit
[B]. Only assumption II is implicit
[C]. Either I or II is implicit
[D]. Neither I nor II is implicit
[E]. Both I and II are implicit

Answer: Option A


The statement mentions that he will pass if he is intelligent. So, I is implicit. Further, this means that it is not necessary that he will pass. So, II is not implicit.

Alice said: (Sep 3, 2011)  
Intelligence is only one way of passing the exam; another way can be hardwork without much inherent talent.

Alice said: (Sep 3, 2011)  
The answer should be D.

Luca said: (Nov 18, 2014)  
The statement is "If A then B" and not "Only if A, then B", which means B can be without A.

Balaji said: (Nov 6, 2015)  
I am not sure, why it has to be A? If he is intelligent, he will pass the exam. It doesn't mean that he must be intelligent.

Avinash said: (Dec 28, 2015)  
Exactly, as its if-then clause not a only if-then so, I is not implicit.

A person may pass by cheating, hard-work or luck.

Prince said: (Aug 18, 2016)  
The answer should be D.

Harish said: (Aug 23, 2016)  
The statement says that A implies B but not B implies A.

So, I think none is implicit.

Mats said: (Jun 5, 2017)  
I think, D is the correct answer.

Lisa said: (Oct 24, 2017)  
The answer should be D.

Prithwish said: (Feb 16, 2018)  
A is correct. Statement itself saying if he intelligent, he will pass the exam. So, he have to intelligent.

Aniket Halder said: (May 1, 2021)  
I think the answer should be D.

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