Logical Reasoning - Statement and Argument - Discussion

Each question given below consists of a statement, followed by two arguments numbered I and II. You have to decide which of the arguments is a 'strong' argument and which is a 'weak' argument.

Give answer:

  • (A) If only argument I is strong
  • (B) If only argument II is strong
  • (C) If either I or II is strong
  • (D) If neither I nor II is strong and
  • (E) If both I and II are strong.

39. 

Statement: Should the practice of transfers of clerical cadre employees from government offices of one city to those of another be stopped?

Arguments:

  1. No. Transfer of employees is a routine administrative matter and we must continue it.
  2. Yes. It involves lot of governmental expenditure and inconvenience too many compared to the benefits it yields.

[A]. Only argument I is strong
[B]. Only argument II is strong
[C]. Either I or II is strong
[D]. Neither I nor II is strong
[E]. Both I and II are strong

Answer: Option D

Explanation:

It is not necessary that any practice which has been in vogue for a long time is right and it must be continued. So, argument I is not strong. Also, a practice must be continued or discontinued in view of its merits/demerits and not on grounds of the expenditure or procedures it entails. The policy of transfer is generally practised to do away with corruption, which is absolutely essential. So, argument II also does not hold.

Hemu said: (Sep 9, 2015)  
Tell me more briefly.

Dallas said: (Sep 27, 2015)  
I do not agree with this at all. A practice must be continued or discontinued in view of its merits/demerits and not on grounds of the expenditure or procedures it entails. If the costs (money, time, etc.) outweigh the benefits, a practice should not be continued.

If the offered explanation holds true, then logically all governments would fall bankrupt since the merits of providing costly public services would be justified by praiseworthiness alone.

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