Logical Reasoning - Statement and Argument - Discussion

Each question given below consists of a statement, followed by two arguments numbered I and II. You have to decide which of the arguments is a 'strong' argument and which is a 'weak' argument.

Give answer:

  • (A) If only argument I is strong
  • (B) If only argument II is strong
  • (C) If either I or II is strong
  • (D) If neither I nor II is strong and
  • (E) If both I and II are strong.

25. 

Statement: Should the vehicles older than 15 years be rejected in metros in India?

Arguments:

  1. Yes. This is a significant step to lower down the pollution level in metros.
  2. No. It will be very difficult for vehicle owners to shift to other parts in country because they will not get suitable job for their very existence.

[A]. Only argument I is strong
[B]. Only argument II is strong
[C]. Either I or II is strong
[D]. Neither I nor II is strong
[E]. Both I and II are strong

Answer: Option A

Explanation:

Clearly, 15 year old vehicles are not Euro-compliant and hence cause much more pollution than the recent ones. So, argument I holds. Argument II is vague since owners of these vehicles need not shift themselves. They might sell off their vehicles and buy new ones - a small price which every citizen can afford for a healthy environment.

Abhay Singh said: (Jul 11, 2013)  
After 15 Years who will purchase it since it is banned.

Panda said: (Feb 18, 2016)  
The logic is so flawed. Selling a 15 year old used car that is banned will equal up to the cost of a new car? How?

And this argument severely underestimates the level of opportunity for unprivileged nations. Possibility of taking away someone's livelihood if someone was barely able to afford it before is not "a small price every citizen can afford".

Whoever wrote the answers to this question was highly ignorant of world's social economics. I believe the the true answer to be E. Both are very strong arguments to be considered.

Aditya said: (Feb 24, 2016)  
Selling is not an option as nobody will buy 15 year old vehicle (A/Q it is banned already).

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