Logical Reasoning - Statement and Argument - Discussion

Each question given below consists of a statement, followed by two arguments numbered I and II. You have to decide which of the arguments is a 'strong' argument and which is a 'weak' argument.

Give answer:

  • (A) If only argument I is strong
  • (B) If only argument II is strong
  • (C) If either I or II is strong
  • (D) If neither I nor II is strong and
  • (E) If both I and II are strong.

47. 

Statement: Should income tax be abolished in India?

Arguments:

  1. Yes. It is an unnecessary burden on the wage earners.
  2. No. It is a good source of revenue.

[A]. Only argument I is strong
[B]. Only argument II is strong
[C]. Either I or II is strong
[D]. Neither I nor II is strong
[E]. Both I and II are strong

Answer: Option B

Explanation:

Income -tax is levied so that every citizen can contribute a share of his earning towards the infrastructural development of the nation. So, argument I seems to be vague. However, income-tax is no doubt a good source of revenue for the government. Hence, argument II holds strong.

Ladoo said: (Oct 30, 2015)  
Where it is mentioned for the govt it is a good source?

Carlpoppa said: (Nov 12, 2015)  
With no definition of "good" there is no way to establish that argument II is strong. This is the exact same reason argument I is weak, also: there is no way to establish whether the burden on wage earners is "unnecessary".

Kalyaani Manoj said: (Oct 27, 2018)  
And in argument 1 it clearly states who it is a burden for Whereas in the 2nd argument it is not mentioned, for whom it is a good source of revenue.

So option 2 is more vague.

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