Logical Reasoning - Logical Games - Discussion

Read the below passage carefully and answer the questions:

The government of an island nation is in the process of deciding how to spend its limited income. It has $7 million left in its budget and eight programs to choose among. There is no provision in the constitution to have a surplus, and each program has requested the minimum amount they need; in other words, no program may be partially funded. The programs and their funding requests are:

* Hurricane preparedness: $2.5 million
* Harbor improvements: $1 million
* School music program: $0.5 million
* Senate office building remodeling: $1.5 million
* Agricultural subsidy program: $2 million
* National radio: $0.5 million
* Small business loan program: $3 million
* International airport: $4 million


Senators from urban areas are very concerned about assuring that there will be funding for a new international airport. Senators from rural areas refuse to fund anything until money for agricultural subsidies is appropriated. If the legislature funds these two programs, on which of the following could they spend the rest of the money?

[A]. the school music program and national radio
[B]. hurricane preparedness
[C]. harbor improvements and the school music program
[D]. small business loan program
[E]. national radio and senate office building remodeling

Answer: Option A


The total cost of the school music program and national radio is $1 million, the amount left after the international airport and agricultural subsidies are funded.
International airport + Agricultural subsidy program
$4 million + $2 million = $6 million
school music program and national radio is $1 million.
Hence, Total $7 million.

Sindhuja said: (Jan 25, 2011)  
Why can't the answer be option B when its useful in saving life and in case of emergency ?

Srikanth said: (Feb 8, 2011)  
Yes even I believe the same why can't they spend money for hurricane preparedness.

Vinay said: (Jun 26, 2011)  
The remaining left over fund is just $1 million.

As per question hurricane preparedness needs $2. 5 million, hence option b is wrong.

Raghava said: (Jun 27, 2011)  
But here didn't mention remaining is $1million. I didn't get this.

Raje said: (Nov 15, 2011)  
From international airport & agriculture we get 4+2= 6$. if we add it to huricane we get 6 +2.5 =8.5$ . But budget only 7$.

So option A only satisfies with it.

Rahul said: (Dec 10, 2011)  
Answer is Harbour improvement, as it is a capital investment, it will bring revenue in future and profits our of that can be utilized in further development.

Jeevan said: (Apr 18, 2012)  
Why not the answer be the option B. It is useful in saving life in the case of emergency.

Vida said: (Oct 12, 2012)  
Option A is more logical looking at the fact on ground i.e 7million dollars.true huricane preparedness is vital but the amount left won't cover it.

Sandeep said: (Oct 2, 2013)  
Actually, In the question there should be a condition given that.

"maximum number of allocations with the amount left. ".

Mohit Soni said: (Aug 17, 2014)  
It is mentioned in question that there is only a budget of $7 million, not more than that. So, that's why option (A) fits best for this question.

Slazzy said: (Feb 18, 2015)  
Guys instead of just asking questions upon finding that your option is wrong, simply read the explanation provided above. No offence, but I'm just stating facts.

Amjed said: (May 14, 2015)  
$1 million left. We can choose harbor investment also it costs $1.

S.Bhagyalakshmi said: (Aug 5, 2016)  
Excellent answer and explanation. Helpful to understand.

Palindj said: (Jun 28, 2017)  
I will go with option B.

Prafful said: (Sep 10, 2018)  
I am not getting this. Please explain in a shortcut way.

Piyush said: (Aug 27, 2019)  
Option C should be the right choice as capital expenditure in harbour improvement will ultimately bring more income in coming years.

Nishant Kumar said: (Sep 20, 2019)  
As $7 million is left, and A/q they funds for international airport ($4 million) and agriculture subsidies ($2 million), so they are left with only $1 million. Now according to options:

[A] The school music program and national radio=> $0.5 + $0.5 = $1 million
[B] Hurricane preparedness => $2.5 million
[C] Harbor improvements and the school music program=> $1 + $0.5 = $1.5 million
[D] Small business loan program=> $3 million
[E] National radio and senate office building remodeling=>$0.5 + $1.5 = $2 million

Now they are left with only $1 million, so option A is true.

I hope you all understand.

Saurav Gupta said: (Jan 6, 2020)  
Agree, thanks @Sandeep.

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