Logical Reasoning - Logical Deduction - Discussion

In each question below are given two statements followed by two conclusions numbered I and II. You have to take the given two statements to be true even if they seem to be at variance from commonly known facts. Read the conclusion and then decide which of the given conclusions logically follows from the two given statements, disregarding commonly known facts.

Give answer:

  • (A) If only conclusion I follows
  • (B) If only conclusion II follows
  • (C) If either I or II follows
  • (D) If neither I nor II follows and
  • (E) If both I and II follow.


Statements: Some men are educated. Educated persons prefer small families.


  1. All small families are educated.
  2. Some men prefer small families.

[A]. Only conclusion I follows
[B]. Only conclusion II follows
[C]. Either I or II follows
[D]. Neither I nor II follows
[E]. Both I and II follow

Answer: Option B


Since one premise is particular, the conclusion must be particular and should not contain the middle term. Thus, only II follows.

Sonam said: (Dec 16, 2011)  
I think the answer should be D so plz can anyone explain me how come its B.

Inam said: (Sep 10, 2013)  
Here he said some men are educated means the remaining are uneducated, so we can't use it as all, so statement 1 is wrong, and next statement he said that "some men" according to statement some men belongs to educated men.

Santhosh said: (Aug 24, 2014)  
Answer is D.

Because in the conclusion II men is not distributed in any of the premises given given. So neither I nor II follows.

Correct me if I am wrong.

Pragna said: (Oct 3, 2014)  
How can second statement be considered universal?

Neha said: (May 10, 2018)  
Educated persons prefer small families- please anyone tell this sentence to belong to which category 'some' or 'all'?

Mahvish said: (Sep 15, 2018)  
Can you please provide the answer with a diagram for better understanding?

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