Logical Reasoning - Cause and Effect - Discussion

Discussion :: Cause and Effect - Cause and Effect (Q.No.1)

In each of the following questions, two statements numbered I and II are given. There may be cause and effect relationship between the two statements. These two statements may be the effect of the same cause or independent causes. These statements may be independent causes without having any relationship. Read both the statements in each question and mark your answer as

  • (A) If statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect;
  • (B) If statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect;
  • (C) If both the statements I and II are independent causes;
  • (D) If both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes; and
  • (E) If both the statements I and II are effects of some common cause.

1. 

Statements:

  1. The prices of petrol and diesel in the domestic market have remained unchanged for the past few months.
  2. The crude oil prices in the international market have gone up substantially in the last few months.

[A]. Statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect
[B]. Statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect
[C]. Both the statements I and II are independent causes
[D]. Both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes
[E]. Both the statements I and II are effects of some common cause

Answer: Option D

Explanation:

The prices of petrol and diesel being stagnant in the domestic market and the increase in the same in the international market must be backed by independent causes.

Hardeep said: (Oct 10, 2011)  
Because all schools in city are closed most of time parents have no option for another school so answer D is correct.

Tmz_Smiley said: (Feb 19, 2015)  
To answer this look at the items compared:

A: Unchanged price of petrol and diesel,
B: Crude oil became very expensive.

Both are not related one talks about static price, the other talks about.

Becoming expensive. The answer is independent.

Herman said: (Apr 26, 2015)  
Any increase in the price of crude oil would cause the petrol and diesel prices to increase since they are products from crude oil. So the two effects of independent causes.

Jeffrey said: (Jun 14, 2016)  
I think, they are not effects, they are both causes.

Ankit Bage said: (Sep 6, 2016)  
Yes, I agree with you @Jeffrey.

Rajesh said: (Sep 1, 2017)  
Please explain clearly.

Feyisa said: (Jul 12, 2019)  
The price of crude oil increase but.

Petrol and diesel prices is constant for a few months. Therefore I and II statements have the two effects of independent causes.

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