Logical Reasoning - Cause and Effect - Discussion

Discussion :: Cause and Effect - Cause and Effect (Q.No.2)

In each of the following questions, two statements numbered I and II are given. There may be cause and effect relationship between the two statements. These two statements may be the effect of the same cause or independent causes. These statements may be independent causes without having any relationship. Read both the statements in each question and mark your answer as

  • (A) If statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect;
  • (B) If statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect;
  • (C) If both the statements I and II are independent causes;
  • (D) If both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes; and
  • (E) If both the statements I and II are effects of some common cause.

2. 

Statements:

  1. The government has recently fixed the fees for professional courses offered by the unaided institutions which are much lower than the fees charged last year.
  2. The parents of the aspiring students launched a severe agitation last year protesting against the high fees charged by the unaided institutions.

[A]. Statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect
[B]. Statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect
[C]. Both the statements I and II are independent causes
[D]. Both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes
[E]. Both the statements I and II are effects of some common cause

Answer: Option B

Explanation:

The parents' protest against high fees being charged by the institutions led the government to interfere and fix the fees at a more affordable level.

Maria said: (Apr 19, 2013)  
What if parents protest after the government fixed the taxes due to what they consider unfair high taxes the previous year?

So II could be an effect of I. After seeing how government fixed the taxes, parents who paid higher taxes the previous year protest.

Kimberly said: (Jul 6, 2014)  
Maria is correct. The statement said the government is RECENTLY, while the parents protesting against high fees was LAST YEAR. Therefore, the statement II is the effect and the statement I is the cause.

CAUSE - why it is happen.
EFFECT - what happened.

Mantaj said: (Nov 1, 2014)  
@Maria @Kimberly.

There are words last year we have to think also about that it protest came then government fixed fees.

Kev said: (May 27, 2015)  
It does not follow that the protest of the parents was the reason that the government reduced the fees.

The fees were too high. The parents complained. The government reduced the fees.

We do not know that the government would not have reduced the fees had the parents not complained. It is likely but it is not a logical certainty.

Debarpan said: (Jul 31, 2016)  
I think statement 2 is the effect and statement is the reason.

Dieter said: (Oct 13, 2016)  
Agree @Kev.

I still think that E is the correct answer. We do not know whether the protests actually triggered the reduction. What we know is that both events had a common cause: the fees were too high.

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