Logical Reasoning - Cause and Effect - Discussion

Discussion :: Cause and Effect - Cause and Effect (Q.No.15)

In each of the following questions, two statements numbered I and II are given. There may be cause and effect relationship between the two statements. These two statements may be the effect of the same cause or independent causes. These statements may be independent causes without having any relationship. Read both the statements in each question and mark your answer as

• (A) If statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect;
• (B) If statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect;
• (C) If both the statements I and II are independent causes;
• (D) If both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes; and
• (E) If both the statements I and II are effects of some common cause.

15.

Statements:

1. It is the aim of the city's civic authority to get the air pollution reduced by 20% in the next two months.
2. The number of asthma cases in the city is constantly increasing.

 [A]. Statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect [B]. Statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect [C]. Both the statements I and II are independent causes [D]. Both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes [E]. Both the statements I and II are effects of some common cause

Explanation:

The increase in number of asthma cases must have alerted the authorities to take action to control air pollution that triggers the disease.

 Ameet said: (Jan 11, 2011) In this example answer could be option [E]. The statements can be effect of common cause increase in pollution. Can anybody explain the given answer [B]. Because I think it is wrong. Thanks in advance.

 Jason said: (Feb 19, 2014) I don't think the answer here is correct. There might be a cause and effect relationship here but there is not enough information to determine that. The city could be trying to reduce air pollution for many reasons (federal regulations being one example) that has nothing to do with the increase in asthma.

 Ashwani Sharma said: (Apr 8, 2015) I think answer should be "A". People are having Asthma due to the increased Air Pollution. Here Asthma should be the effect and Cause should be Air Pollution.

 Rajeshwar said: (Feb 21, 2017) Well, the answer is correct because due to the rising asthma cases the government has taken the decision to curb the pollution.

 Shyam said: (Jul 22, 2018) Option E. Due to increased pollution both are the effects.