Logical Reasoning - Analyzing Arguments - Discussion

Choose the statement that is best supported by the information given in the question passage.

7. 

The Fourth Amendment to the Constitution protects citizens against unreasonable searches and seizures. No search of a person's home or personal effects may be conducted without a written search warrant issued on probable cause. This means that a neutral judge must approve the factual basis justifying a search before it can be conducted.
This paragraph best supports the statement that the police cannot search a person's home or private papers unless they have

[A]. legal authorization
[B]. direct evidence of a crime.
[C]. read the person his or her constitutional rights.
[D]. a reasonable belief that a crime has occurred.
[E]. requested that a judge be present.

Answer: Option A

Explanation:

The second and third sentence combine to give support to choice a. The statement stresses that there must be a judge's approval (i.e., legal authorization) before a search can be conducted. Choices b and d are wrong because it is not enough for the police to have direct evidence or a reasonable belief—a judge must authorize the search for it to be legal. Choices c and e are not mentioned in the passage.

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