General Knowledge - Chemistry - Discussion

Discussion Forum : Chemistry - Section 1 (Q.No. 5)
5.
The number of d-electrons in Fe2+ (Z = 26) is not equal to that of
p-electrons in Ne(Z = 10)
s-electrons in Mg(Z = 12)
d-electrons in Fe(Z = 26)
p-electrons in CI(Z = 17)
Answer: Option
Explanation:
No answer description is available. Let's discuss.
Discussion:
31 comments Page 2 of 4.

Ramanuj said:   8 years ago
To start up, the electron configuration of Fe atom is 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d6.

Since the problem is Fe2+ ion, than two electrons are removed from the atom so the correct configuration is 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d6.

Likewise, re-check your second configuration. I'm assuming you intended to write it as 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d4. This is incorrect because by then, the element would not be Fe2+ ion. Instead, this would be the electronic configuration of "chromium atom".

Basically, 2 electrons in the 4s orbital are removed because it is much farther away from the nucleus than 3d orbital. Since the electrons in 4s are farther and have weaker pull from the nucleus, there's more tendency for them to be dislodged from the atom.
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Sarawar said:   9 years ago
Actually half filled and full filled orbital are much more stable than partially filled orbital, that is why fe will first loose one electron from d orbital to half filled the 3d orbital then loose one other electron from 4s orbital and become more stable.

Sudha said:   9 years ago
P electrons of Ne-2p6, s electron of Mg-3s2, d electron of Fe-3d6 but p electron of Cl is 3p5. So answer may be option D.
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NARAYANAM said:   9 years ago
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d6 is Fe electronic configuration.

While Cl is having 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p5, so Fe2+ is having configuration as below 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s0 3d6.

OKwudike Azubuike said:   9 years ago
Neon is a gas (group 8), Valence electron - 2. Mg and Friday are electro positive metals +2. Click is not equal because it has - 1(2, 8 7). The answer is done.

Sundu said:   9 years ago
What is the molar mass of hydrogen H2?

Dhiraj Mondal said:   10 years ago
After seeing explains, I don't think any other explanation is required.

Elsa said:   1 decade ago
Thanks for answers. The number of d-electron in fe2+ is not equal to that of p-electron in cl.

Sona said:   1 decade ago
The number of protons and neutons exist in a nucleus of the ferro magnetic statement amongst ecah of them

Shikamaru Nara said:   1 decade ago
The 4s orbital is at a higher energy level than the 3d orbitals and so because it is Fe(2+) the two electrons both leave the 4s orbital, leaving the 3d orbital with 6 electrons. And so:

No.of p electrons in Ne is 6(2p6).

No.of s electrons in Mg is 6(1s2,2s2,3s2).

No.of d electrons in Fe is 6 (d6).

No.of p electrons in Ci is 11(2p6,3p5).
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