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Exercise :: Science - Latest Current Affairs

  • Science - Latest Current Affairs
41. 

The Indian Council of Medical Research approved the use of which of the following machines for conducting COVID-19 tests?

A. CT Scan Machine
B. Tuberculosis machine
C. X Ray Machine
D. Ultrasound Machines

Answer: Option B

Explanation:

On April 4, 2020, the Indian Council of Medical Research approved the use of Tuberculosis machine for conducting COVID-19 tests. Currently India is using the RT-PCR (Real time-Polymerase Chain Reaction) testing recommended by the US and approved by FDA. Along with this, the ICMR has recommended the use of Truenat test. The Truenat test is currently used to detect drug-resistant TB.

42. 

According to a US-based research, a combination of reduced morbidity and mortality could make the BCG vaccination a "game-changer" in the fight against novel coronavirus. What is full form of C in BCG?

A. Ciclosporin
B. Corona
C. Calmette
D. Cytomegalovirus

Answer: Option C

Explanation:

According to a US-based research, a combination of reduced morbidity and mortality could make the Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) vaccination a "game-changer" in the fight against novel coronavirus. Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) vaccine is a vaccine primarily used against tuberculosis (TB).

43. 

Which of the following body develops full-body disinfection chamber called 'Personnel Sanitization Enclosure' for healthcare workers dealing with coronavirus cases?

A. BARC
B. DRDO's VRDE
C. ICMR
D. ISRO

Answer: Option B

Explanation:

DRDO's VRDE (Vehicle Research and Development Establishment, Ahmednagar, Maharashtra) develops full-body disinfection chamber called 'Personnel Sanitization Enclosure' for healthcare workers dealing with coronavirus cases.

44. 

Which of the following institute will set up a task force on gene therapy in order to encourage research in the field?

A. Central Glass and Ceramic Research Institute
B. Central Research Institute for Jute and Allied Fibers
C. Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR)
D. The Academy of Scientific and Innovative Research

Answer: Option C

Explanation:

The Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) will set up a task force on gene therapy in order to encourage research in the field. The purpose of setting up the task force is to explore gene editing based therapeutic approaches that will treat illness.

45. 

NASA has finally selected a sample collection site on asteroid Bennu after the arrival of OSIRIS-REx spacecraft . What is name of that site?

A. Nightingale
B. Ceres
C. Itokawa
D. Hygiea

Answer: Option A

Explanation:

NASA has finally selected a sample collection site on asteroid Bennu after the arrival of OSIRIS-REx spacecraft in December 2018. The OSIRIS-Rex mission team has selected the site designated Nightingale, which is located in a crater high in Bennu's northern hemisphere. The team has also selected site Osprey of Bennu as a backup sample collection site.