Civil Engineering - Railways - Discussion

4. 

Charles Vignoles invented the flat footed rails in

[A]. 1814
[B]. 1836
[C]. 1846
[D]. 1856
[E]. 1873

Answer: Option B

Explanation:

No answer description available for this question.

Rajender said: (Feb 13, 2014)  
The experience led to larger projects, including new railways in Ireland, which then was wholly part of the United Kingdom. This included Ireland's first, the Dublin and Kingstown (the latter town and ferry port is now called Dun Laoghaire) (1832-34) , initially built to the standard English gauge of 4 ft 8 1/2. The later extension, the Kingstown and Dalkey railway, was built as an atmospheric railway. Between 1836 and 1838, Vignoles was engineer to the royal commission on railways in Ireland.

He had possibly been associated with Stephenson in initial work for a proposed Sheffield and Manchester Railway, but by the time the prospectus was issued in 1830, they had parted company. In the event, the scheme foundered because of the severity of the proposed route via Whaley Bridge and over Rushop Edge into the Hope Valley. He designed "Vignoles Bridge" in Coventry (which originally spanned the Oxford Canal) in 1835.

He was retained in 1835 to survey the scheme which followed it, the Sheffield, Ashton-Under-Lyne and Manchester Railway (later: Manchester, Sheffield and Lincolnshire Railway) , including the original Woodhead Tunnel. For this he experimented with a steam boring machine. However there were difficulties with his relationship with the directors and contract, and his remuneration, so he resigned in 1839 before work was started.

Meanwhile he surveyed the Midland Counties Railway linking Nottingham, Derby and Leicester with Rugby, opened in 1839.

Lopamudra said: (Aug 24, 2018)  
Flat footed rail gave greater stability, it spreads the load distribution into more sleepers than bullheaded it was given by charles vignoules in 1836.

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