# Aptitude - Ratio and Proportion

Exercise : Ratio and Proportion - General Questions
11.
The salaries A, B, C are in the ratio 2 : 3 : 5. If the increments of 15%, 10% and 20% are allowed respectively in their salaries, then what will be new ratio of their salaries?
3 : 3 : 10
10 : 11 : 20
23 : 33 : 60
Cannot be determined
Explanation:

Let A = 2k, B = 3k and C = 5k.

 A's new salary = 115 of 2k = 115 x 2k = 23k 100 100 10

 B's new salary = 110 of 3k = 110 x 3k = 33k 100 100 10

 C's new salary = 120 of 5k = 120 x 5k = 6k 100 100 New ratio 23k : 33k : 6k = 23 : 33 : 60 10 10

12.
If 40% of a number is equal to two-third of another number, what is the ratio of first number to the second number?
2 : 5
3 : 7
5 : 3
7 : 3
Explanation:

 Let 40% of A = 2 B 3

 Then, 40A = 2B 100 3 2A = 2B 5 3 A = 2 x 5 = 5 B 3 2 3 A : B = 5 : 3.

13.
The fourth proportional to 5, 8, 15 is:
18
24
19
20
Explanation:

Let the fourth proportional to 5, 8, 15 be x.

Then, 5 : 8 : 15 : x 5x = (8 x 15)

 x = (8 x 15) = 24. 5

14.
Two number are in the ratio 3 : 5. If 9 is subtracted from each, the new numbers are in the ratio 12 : 23. The smaller number is:
27
33
49
55
Explanation:

Let the numbers be 3x and 5x.

 Then, 3x - 9 = 12 5x - 9 23 23(3x - 9) = 12(5x - 9) 9x = 99 x = 11. The smaller number = (3 x 11) = 33.

15.
In a bag, there are coins of 25 p, 10 p and 5 p in the ratio of 1 : 2 : 3. If there is Rs. 30 in all, how many 5 p coins are there?
50
100
150
200
 Then, sum of their values = Rs. 25x + 10 x 2x + 5 x 3x = Rs. 60x 100 100 100 100 60x = 30 x = 30 x 100 = 50. 100 60