Verbal Reasoning - Syllogism - Discussion
In each of the following questions two statements are given and these statements are followed by two conclusions numbered (1) and (2). You have to take the given two statements to be true even if they seem to be at variance from commonly known facts. Read the conclusions and then decide which of the given conclusions logically follows from the two given statements, disregarding commonly known facts.
- (A) If only (1) conclusion follows
- (B) If only (2) conclusion follows
- (C) If either (1) or (2) follows
- (D) If neither (1) nor (2) follows and
- (E) If both (1) and (2) follow.
Statements: Some ants are parrots. All the parrots are apples.
- All the apples are parrots.
- Some ants are apples.
All the apples are parrots.
This conclusion cannot be directly derived from the given statements. We only know that all parrots are apples, but it doesn't necessarily mean that all apples are parrots. So, this conclusion is not valid. (False)
Some ants are apples.
This conclusion can be derived from the given statements. Since we know that some ants are parrots, and all parrots are apples, it follows that there must be some ants that are apples. So, this conclusion is valid. (True)
So, the correct option is:
b) Only (2) conclusion follows
The first conclusion (All the apples are parrots) is not valid because it goes beyond the information provided in the statements. We cannot conclude that all apples are parrots based on the given premises.
However, the second conclusion (Some ants are apples) is valid. It follows logically from the given statements since we have a direct link between ants and parrots (some ants are parrots), and we also have a direct link between parrots and apples (all parrots are apples). Thus, we can deduce that some ants are also apples.
1. Some parrots are ants.
2. Some apples are parrots.
How does it possible? Are all ants parrot? Please explain.