Verbal Reasoning - Syllogism - Discussion

In each of the following questions two statements are given and these statements are followed by two conclusions numbered (1) and (2). You have to take the given two statements to be true even if they seem to be at variance from commonly known facts. Read the conclusions and then decide which of the given conclusions logically follows from the two given statements, disregarding commonly known facts.

Give answer:

  • (A) If only (1) conclusion follows
  • (B) If only (2) conclusion follows
  • (C) If either (1) or (2) follows
  • (D) If neither (1) nor (2) follows and
  • (E) If both (1) and (2) follow.


Statements: Some ants are parrots. All the parrots are apples.


  1. All the apples are parrots.
  2. Some ants are apples.

[A]. Only (1) conclusion follows
[B]. Only (2) conclusion follows
[C]. Either (1) or (2) follows
[D]. Neither (1) nor (2) follows
[E]. Both (1) and (2) follow

Answer: Option B


Ram said: (Jan 8, 2011)  
In the explanation, the second diagram shows all ants as being apples. How can the second conclusion then follow?

Kshitiz Jaiswal said: (Jan 30, 2011)  

Hi understand it like this,

1)all parrot are apple ,and
2)some ant are parrot ..

So the there are some ant which are parrot too and hence they are apple.
Hope I am able to satisfy this.

Sanjeev said: (Sep 1, 2011)  
Stmt :All A are B.
conc: Some A are B.
At least some A are B.

Aayushi said: (Dec 20, 2011)  
I couldn't get this second diagram.

Sagar said: (Dec 22, 2011)  
This answer is wrong ?

Both follow this question I am right?

Skpunjabi said: (Aug 6, 2012)  
All parrots are apples so why not all apples are parrots.

Manoj said: (Dec 26, 2013)  
By Raval's notations A - P, PP - Ap. We don, t have ApAp so conclusion 1 is ruled out. Conclusion 2 follows as common term P multiplies. Raval's notation is new simplest and quickest way to solve syllogism problems at a glance. Search 'raval notations at philpapers' in google and find complete new and simple approach published at University of London.

Rohitashwa said: (May 6, 2014)  
Sir 2nd diagram does not follow the condition.

Seema said: (May 24, 2014)  
Don't Go through diagram.

Basic formulas are..
Some+All = Some follow.

Harish said: (Jul 8, 2014)  
Best approach for solve ?

Neelam said: (Aug 17, 2014)  
I don't understand raval's notation method.

Swarna said: (Dec 4, 2014)  
How can the answer came? Please.

Ravinder Kumar said: (Jan 14, 2015)  

Raval's notations is a new method to solve syllogism problems at a glance.

Priyanka said: (Mar 19, 2015)  
This answer is right.

Because 1st statement is false and in 2nd statement, there is "some +ve" relation between ant and apple. So 2nd statement true.

Nitin Bansal said: (Jul 30, 2015)  
What if parrots and apple are equal.

Viki said: (Aug 23, 2015)  
In this 2nd diagram how the whole ants comes under apples.

Paul said: (Sep 26, 2015)  
What does only A is B signify? I am having trouble with this one.

Harini said: (Oct 29, 2015)  
Both follows and am very sure about the answer.

Geetanjali said: (Dec 3, 2015)  
I am also agree with @Miss Harini that both follow and I am very sure about my answer.

Dhebeha said: (Jun 30, 2016)  
Second fig implies that all the ants are apples. Conclusion (2) says that. Some ants are apples. Are both the statements one and the same? But I m pretty much sure that the first conclusion doesn't follow.

Praveen said: (Oct 1, 2016)  
According to the second diagram, what is the answer if the conclusion is as below.

All ants are apples.

Raj Naik said: (Oct 3, 2016)  

Only A is B is same as All B's are A

Md Sarfaraz said: (Oct 21, 2016)  
I think, Option E is the correct answer.

Swanubhav said: (Dec 5, 2016)  
Yes I too believe E is correct.

Riya Maji said: (Jul 30, 2017)  
I think E is correct.

Sanju said: (Sep 3, 2017)  
I think E is correct.

Why not first conclusion didn't follow?

Aditya said: (Sep 4, 2017)  
I want to know that how all apples are not parrot?

Todd said: (Nov 14, 2017)  
I don't know if this has been asked yet, but what is the difference between answer B and answer E?

Dolapo said: (Nov 16, 2017)  
Can someone kindly assist me with understanding these Venn diagrams. I don't seem to be able to interpret them. Especially the ones that have two circles inside a bigger one.

Nima said: (Feb 17, 2018)  
Answer E is right both 1 and 2 conclusion follow.

Shubhrajit said: (Apr 2, 2018)  
I didn't understand the last diagram.

How does it possible? Are all ants parrot? Please explain.

Sumaiya Rahman said: (Apr 24, 2018)  
The answer should be (D) because the predicate of the first statement and the subject of the second statement is same. So the only possible conclusion will be their reverse. And their reverse is not given in the conclusion. The answer would have been.

1. Some parrots are ants.
2. Some apples are parrots.

Jai said: (May 3, 2018)  
The answer should be E.

Arunraj said: (Dec 23, 2018)  
The Answer should be E.

Bhuvanesh said: (May 4, 2019)  
From diagram 2 "all ants are apples" then how would it say only "some ants are apples". So, how option 2?

Ram said: (Sep 16, 2019)  
Using income - expense method option E is correct.

Bhargavi said: (Aug 20, 2020)  
Both 1 and 2 follows is the correct answer.

Sambhukhamari said: (Oct 6, 2020)  
I think Both are followed.

Pooja said: (Oct 20, 2020)  
According to me, the answer should be (E) Both (1) and (2) follow.

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