Verbal Reasoning - Syllogism

Exercise :: Syllogism - Syllogism 3

In each of the following questions there are three statements. Which are followed by three or four conclusions. Choose the conclusions which logically follow from the given statements.
1. 

Statements: All the locks are keys. All the keys are bats. Some watches are bats.

Conclusions:

  1. Some bats are locks.
  2. Some watches are keys.
  3. All the keys are locks.

A. Only (1) and (2)
B. Only (1)
C. Only (2)
D. Only (1) and (3)

Answer: Option B

Explanation:


2. 

Statements: Some keys are staplers. Some staplers are stickers. All the stickers are pens.

Conclusions:

  1. Some pens are staplers.
  2. Some stickers are keys.
  3. No sticker is key.
  4. Some staplers are keys.

A. Only (1) and (2)
B. Only (2) and (4)
C. Only (2) and (3)
D. Only (1) and (4) and either (2) or (3)

Answer: Option D

Explanation:


3. 

Statements: Some questions are answers. Some answers are writers. All the writers are poets.

Conclusions:

  1. Some writers are answers.
  2. Some poets are questions.
  3. All the questions are poets.
  4. Some poets are answers.

A. Only (1) and (2)
B. Only (1) and (4)
C. Only (1) and (3)
D. Only (2) and (4)

Answer: Option B

Explanation:


4. 

Statements: Some envelops are gums. Some gums are seals. Some seals are adhesives.

Conclusions:

  1. Some envelopes are seals.
  2. Some gums are adhesives.
  3. Some adhesives are seals.
  4. Some adhesives are gums.

A. Only (3)
B. Only (1)
C. Only (2)
D. Only (4)

Answer: Option A

Explanation:


5. 

Statements: All the papers are books. All the bags are books. Some purses are bags.

Conclusions:

  1. Some papers are bags.
  2. Some books are papers.
  3. Some books are purses.

A. Only (1)
B. Only (2) and (3)
C. Only (1) and (2)
D. Only (1) and (3)

Answer: Option B

Explanation: