Verbal Reasoning - Data Sufficiency - Discussion

In each of the questions below consists of a question and two statements numbered I and II given below it. You have to decide whether the data provided in the statements are sufficient to answer the question. Read both the statements and

Give answer

  • (A) If the data in statement I alone are sufficient to answer the question, while the data in statement II alone are not sufficient to answer the question
  • (B) If the data in statement II alone are sufficient to answer the question, while the data in statement I alone are not sufficient to answer the question
  • (C) If the data either in statement I alone or in statement II alone are sufficient to answer the question
  • (D) If the data given in both statements I and II together are not sufficient to answer the question and
  • (E) If the data in both statements I and II together are necessary to answer the question.

35. 

Question: Who among P, Q, R, S and T is the lightest?

Statements:

  1. R is heavier than Q and T but lighter than S.
  2. S is not the heaviest.

[A]. I alone is sufficient while II alone is not sufficient
[B]. II alone is sufficient while I alone is not sufficient
[C]. Either I or II is sufficient
[D]. Neither I nor II is sufficient
[E]. Both I and II are sufficient

Answer: Option D

Explanation:

From I, we have: R>Q, R>T, S>R i.e. S>R>Q>T or S>R>T>Q.

From II, S is not the heaviest. So, P is the heaviest. Thus, we have: P > S > R > Q > T or P > S > R > T > Q. Hence, either T or Q is the lightest.


Yogesh said: (Apr 4, 2017)  
Guys think E should be the answer.

From 1, it is confirmed that T is the lightest,
From 2, it becomes even more clear that T is lightest.
Only 1 is not sufficient & only 2 is not sufficient.
So, I guess E is the answer. If I'm wrong then please explain.

Garima said: (Sep 11, 2017)  
There is no information about P. Please explain.

Khader Hussain Sha said: (Mar 10, 2019)  
@All.

With 1 option, as we read the question we can say that R is heavier than Q and T, S is heavier than R, with 2 option P is heaviest than all ,but we have two answers whether T is lightest or Q as we can't determine, the is answer is D, if it has any statement like T is the only heavier that Q or vice-versa then the answer is E.

Sai said: (Sep 2, 2020)  
Right, Thanks @Khader Hussain.

Kriti Kumari said: (Mar 21, 2021)  
Hare are is heavier than T and Q but does not mention T and Q who is heavier or lighter so there is two possibility P > S > R > Q > T or P > S > R > T > Q.

Either T and Q is the lighter.

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