Verbal Reasoning - Data Sufficiency - Discussion

In each of the questions below consists of a question and two statements numbered I and II given below it. You have to decide whether the data provided in the statements are sufficient to answer the question. Read both the statements and

Give answer

  • (A) If the data in statement I alone are sufficient to answer the question, while the data in statement II alone are not sufficient to answer the question
  • (B) If the data in statement II alone are sufficient to answer the question, while the data in statement I alone are not sufficient to answer the question
  • (C) If the data either in statement I alone or in statement II alone are sufficient to answer the question
  • (D) If the data given in both statements I and II together are not sufficient to answer the question and
  • (E) If the data in both statements I and II together are necessary to answer the question.

21. 

Question: Among T, V, B, E and C, who is the third from the top when arranged in the descending order of their weights ?

Statements:

  1. B is heavier than T and C and is less heavier than V who is not the heaviest.
  2. C is heavier than only T.

[A]. I alone is sufficient while II alone is not sufficient
[B]. II alone is sufficient while I alone is not sufficient
[C]. Either I or II is sufficient
[D]. Neither I nor II is sufficient
[E]. Both I and II are sufficient

Answer: Option A

Explanation:

From I, we have: B > T, B > C, V > B. Thus, V is heavier than each one of B, T and C. But V is not the heaviest. So, E is the heaviest.

Thus, we have the order. E>V>B>T>C or E>V>B>C>T. Clearly, B is third from the top.


Rahul said: (Sep 5, 2011)  
How do we get V>B from 1?

Tejas.K.A said: (Sep 12, 2011)  
How did you get v>b from 1?

Urooj said: (Sep 13, 2011)  
Confusing.

Mohd Ilyas said: (Feb 24, 2012)  
According to me answer is E because C&T can't be related without condition no.2

Dany said: (Jan 2, 2014)  
B is heavier than T AND C AND is less heavier than V, so V>B.

Naveen Kumar said: (Oct 5, 2015)  
The answer is none because we can't tell without knowing each and every ones what there E's weight is missing.

Vishal Mittal said: (Mar 8, 2016)  
Try to understand the language.
It wants to say.

B is heavier than T and C.
And,

(B silent here )is less heavier than.
V who is not the heaviest.

B (is heavier than (T & C) && is less heavier than (V who is not the heaviest)).

Abhishek said: (May 11, 2016)  
How's it?

If we follow only condition 1 we get the order like.

E > V > B > C > T AND E > V > B > T > C.

But if we apply condition 1 with condition 2 we get,

E > V > B > C > T.

Which one should I prefer? Give me a suggestion.

Sreya said: (Aug 1, 2016)  
Option E is correct, because the relation between C & T is also necessary to know the third position.

Aishwarya said: (Sep 4, 2016)  
Thank you @Vishal.

Rajdip Ghosal said: (May 31, 2018)  
There is no information about the weight of E, how we can conclude?

I think it should be option D.

Mithila said: (Jun 4, 2018)  
I agree @Sreya.

E is the correct answer to the statement I alone not conclude with the relation of C and T.

Munchun Kumar Singh said: (Jun 28, 2018)  
I cannot understand. Explain me.

Rupesh said: (Feb 18, 2019)  
How you related from condition 1 that T>C?

Gel said: (Mar 21, 2019)  
Here, only the third order is in question, So B is correct.

Ramu said: (Jul 7, 2019)  
@All.

'A' should be the answer, because there are only 5 letters. So C, T is not the matter with their positions, it will be 1, 2 only. The question is about 3rd position.

Amit said: (Jan 13, 2021)  
Here E's weight is not mentioned so how can we decide? Please explain.

Subas said: (May 28, 2021)  
1) E is the correct answer since from I we know that E>V>B>T or C so the answer is not known yet.

2) Since C is the only havier than T i.e. C>T again answer is not known.

Combined i.e.for Option E.

Since C>T.

We have now.
E>V>B> C>T.
So now we know B is the third-highest from top so answer ie E.

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