Non Verbal Reasoning - Figure Matrix - Discussion

Discussion :: Figure Matrix - Section 1 (Q.No.4)

In each of the following questions, find out which of the answer figures (1), (2), (3) and (4) completes the figure matrix ?


Select a suitable figure from the four alternatives that would complete the figure matrix.

[A]. 1
[B]. 2
[C]. 3
[D]. 4

Answer: Option C


In each column, the second figure (middle figure) is obtained by removing the upper part of the first figure (uppermost figure) and the third figure (lowermost figure) is obtained by vertically inverting the upper part of the first figure.

Renu said: (Jan 4, 2011)  
According to me 1 is the ans bcoz inverting upper part of the 1st fig makes 3rd part.

Sundar said: (Feb 17, 2011)  

You are wrong. The given answer is correct only.

Carefully watch the sequence in Vertical Direction.

Do 'Vertical-Flip' the 'Top-Half' of the given image to obtain the answer.

Hope this will help you. Have a nice day!

Anil said: (May 7, 2011)  
But by inverting first part vertcaly in last case we won't get given figure?

Shrief said: (May 26, 2011)  
For me answer A is correct also, according to the logic that in the 3rd row, the figure consists of copying the same lower semi-figure again above it, which will lead to case A (as it is consisting of two typical parallelograms.

Nagendramurthy said: (Jun 24, 2011)  

The given answer is correct.

Watch the naming of the sequence 1 and 2

In the 3rd row, the figure consists of two parts one is the copying 2 and other is copying of 1 but it is inverted about the horizontal axis...

So coming to find ans part keep copying of 2 as it is and invert the copy of 1. u will get option 3 as answer.

I hope u understood this.

Mythoughts said: (Sep 15, 2012)  
While C is a correct version if we complicate the pictures by an inverse relationship there is an a less complex method.
Consider shapes labeled '1' as a function and those labeled '2' as function.
These is no necesery relationship between '1' and '2'.

The horizontal shapes with '2' remained the same from line to line.

The middle horizontal line gives a linear model that is also seen in the top horizontal row.

Viewed vertically answer 'c' is apparent though 'c' does not account for the horizontal.

I assume this is like x^2, neither answer alone solves the equation.

Further if each shape is on a plane which is not rotated clockwise, always depicting a 2d shape, while shifted in 3d space at 90` on the z axis with leave no visible footprint even should we draw a line to represent it laying on its back as it were.

One way or another there are 2 of the possible answers listed.

T.Thought said: (Oct 6, 2013)  
This just seems like a poorly made question. If you follow the logic from left to right the correct answer will be 1 as all rows follow the same pattern.

However if you follow the logic from top to bottom (which is rarely done in these sorts of questions) then the correct answer is C.

In addition there doesn't seem to be any rules here that would make the first solution more logical than the second.

Jan said: (Dec 13, 2013)  
There can be derived rule of rotating the upper shape by 180 degrees, which leads to same results as mirroring the semicircle and the trapezoid, but to different result when applied to the parallelogram. There is no way to exclude any of these two possible rules (mirroring and rotation), which means there are two possible correct answers (C when mirroring, A when rotating) , hence the problem is not valid (if unique solution is a condition).

Ravi said: (Dec 17, 2013)  
In my opinion, why we should not consider row because there is not mentioning we consider column and in that case we get a option please give reply.

Jenniferleaf said: (May 8, 2014)  
I also think 1 is the correct answer. In each of the other two set, the final result is obtained by turning portion 1, 180 degrees and then setting it on top of portion 2. If you do this, A (1), is the result. Unfortunately, answer C can also be arrived at if the shape is flipped to make a mirror image.

In order to improve this problem, one of the other sets which is shown in entirety needs to be asymmetrical from left to right, so that it is clear that the final result was obtained via flipping for a mirror image rather than rotating the shape.

Thiago said: (Dec 7, 2014)  
In a logical way the answer could also be correct answer 1. If we consider that the middle figures form - by repetition - the third figures.

Anu said: (Jan 4, 2016)  
A is also correct. With different logic you can choose either A or C.

Dr .Helen Ravi Martha said: (Jun 23, 2016)  
Ok all of you are wrong.

The rite answer is 4. But 3 can be correct too.

Based on my deduction as answer 4 is similar to answer 3 (given answer) just flipped the opposite direction and those in column 1 and 2 cannot be confirmed if it is flipped or the same direction.

If all of you do not agree you can all go and look.

But the conclusion is, this question has many answers.

Hope that helped.

Vivek said: (Jul 17, 2016)  
I think, option A is the right answer.

Avve said: (Aug 19, 2016)  
@Dr. Helen Ravi Martha.

It couldn't be the 4. There isn't any hint suggesting that the shapes have been flipped.

I think that the right ones are the 1 and the 3. But I can't understand what are the number for Tthe puzzle would have worked without them in the very same (bad) way.

Or maybe the numbers are the key for preferring the third option over the first. But I don't see the point. If there was a rotation of the upper shape, the number 1 should be rotated to, while if there was a horizontal reflection, also the 1 should be reflected. But the image hasn't enought resolution to exclude that in the original pattern (printed somewhere) the 1 is flipped horizontally so that its "head" is upside down.

Yogi said: (Jan 31, 2017)  
Given answer is correct.

The 1st half of the series in the 1st figure is in opposite direction for the 1st half of 3rd figure.

Ishika said: (May 3, 2018)  
Why not D?

Rishi Tandon said: (Jun 8, 2018)  
In my view, A is the correct answer.

Sathik said: (May 18, 2019)  
A is the correct answer. Here figure 2 inverted image looks like figure 1.

Moon said: (Jul 1, 2019)  
Answer c is right. If you keep the reflection of the upper part of parallelogram and imagine the coordinates across which the reflection occurs and fix the lower part, you will get the figure C.

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