Logical Reasoning - Statement and Conclusion - Discussion

In each of the following questions, a statement/group of statements is given followed by some conclusions. Without resolving anything yourself choose the conclusion which logically follows from the given statements).


To pass the examination, one must work hard.

[A]. Examination is related with hard work.
[B]. All those who work hard, pass.
[C]. Examination causes some anxiety and those who work hard overcome it.
[D]. Without hard work, one does not pass.
[E]. Hard-working person is a satisfied person.

Answer: Option D


No answer description available for this question.

Muthu said: (Mar 11, 2011)  
I think option A is closer? The sentence imply that there is a relationship between hard work and exam.

Pavi said: (Mar 13, 2011)  
option b is also closer.. its a positive sentence, wats the reason for selecting negative sentence as answer.. pl explain..

Deepak said: (Sep 10, 2011)  
I also think option d is correct one. It is the only if statement when there is no cause, no effect eill be there.

Shanu Choubey said: (Oct 8, 2011)  
I think option B is also correct answer.

Sandeep Meladath said: (Nov 20, 2011)  
I think option B is correct because...it give a postive tone.....regarding option D... I dont think it is correct because one can sometimes pass by smart work also.....you people get what I mean.

Vishal Gupta said: (May 27, 2012)  
Definitely a hard working person is satisfied, so its 'd'.

Raj said: (Aug 1, 2012)  
If X implies Y then it is not necessary that Y implies X. This is one of the most basic rules of Verbal Reasoning. I personally think A is the correct answer as it is the best inference drawn from the given statement. B is purely subjective, as the statement does not say anything about hard workers always making it.

Bharath said: (Jan 20, 2013)  
I think option B is the closest according to the given statement. Their is simply no explanation for the answer given, this only increases the confusion. I suggest they should give proper explanations to these kind of questions to help us.

Vicks said: (Aug 30, 2013)  
D is correct.

A is incorrect because exam is not related to hard work but "pass" exam is related to hard work. The exam itself has no relation.

B is incorrect because of "all" which is misunderstood. The statement does not reference anything to "all" will pass just because they work hard. It is more of a possibility to pass if you work hard. Using "all" is irrelevant.

C & E is incorrect because one statement either mentions anxiety while the other satisfied person, which in no one has anything to do with the statement above.

What follows, D is left and logically is the best choice.

Sid said: (Sep 8, 2013)  
The statement means that if you work hard you can be certain to pass but it does not imply that without hard work you won't pass hence option B.

Kiran said: (Sep 26, 2014)  
Some times smart work will also make the people success.

Aman said: (Sep 27, 2014)  
D can't not be true because it cannot be said vice verse. It is yes if you want to pass exam you will have to work hard but it is no guarantee that if you work hard you are going to make it.

D says "All". Definitely not true.

Though I can say that "A" is more close because hard work is required to pass yet not necessary that he will make in-spite of working hard so both are related 'pass the exam' related to 'hard work'.

Shruti Goel said: (Oct 6, 2015)  
I don't think option D is correct. One does not always have to work hard to pass in exams. There are other factors as well.

For example, one can be simply attentive in class and knows what the subject is about and he can pass the exams, being attentive in class is not really a lot of hard work. Secondly, there is always the luck of the person.

If there is an MCQ exam, a person might just select random options and might be lucky enough to pass. A is the closest option of all.

Shivi said: (May 24, 2018)  
D is the correct option. I agree with the given answer.

Sunil said: (Jun 9, 2018)  
I agree @Aman, definitive words like all, always, at least, only, exactly should not come in conclusion. Option D is the right one.

Moocrater said: (Sep 26, 2018)  
X implies Y. Then Not Y implies Not X. But Not X does not imply not Y. D is absolutely wrong.

Since X implies Y is a rule, for one, it must be applicable to a group of these "one"s, thus leading to the conclusion that B must be true.

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