Logical Reasoning - Statement and Conclusion - Discussion

In each question below is given a statement followed by two conclusions numbered I and II. You have to assume everything in the statement to be true, then consider the two conclusions together and decide which of them logically follows beyond a reasonable doubt from the information given in the statement.

Give answer:

  • (A) If only conclusion I follows
  • (B) If only conclusion II follows
  • (C) If either I or II follows
  • (D) If neither I nor II follows and
  • (E) If both I and II follow.


Statements: The old order changed yielding place to new.


  1. Change is the law of nature.
  2. Discard old ideas because they are old.

[A]. Only conclusion I follows
[B]. Only conclusion II follows
[C]. Either I or II follows
[D]. Neither I nor II follows
[E]. Both I and II follow

Answer: Option A


Clearly, I directly follows from the given statement. Also, it is mentioned that old ideas are replaced by new ones, as thinking changes with the progressing time. So, II does not follow.

Poonam said: (Jun 29, 2011)  
Here not maintioned about the law of nature then how can we conclude the first ststement that the change is law of nature.

Nizamuddin said: (Jul 30, 2011)  
According to the given statements, the two conclutions are actually true, but answer I did not got.

Shaher said: (Aug 12, 2011)  
The statement clearly tells that older is changed in order to give place to new. Then how can the answer b change is the law of nature. Didn't get it clearly. Do explain in detail.

Minukavya said: (Oct 1, 2011)  
I do agree with Poonam and Shaher We need explanation.

Rameshwar said: (Feb 15, 2012)  
The (I) conclusion that is drawn from the given statement can not be challenged.
The 2nd conclusion can be easily challenged so only I follows.

Mani said: (Sep 25, 2013)  
I also agree with @Poonam they did not mention about law of nature of old and new law of nature.

Water said: (Nov 17, 2013)  
Looking at the solution, I think they meant "The old order changes yielding place to new. " and not "The old order changed yielding place to new. ".

Naina said: (Nov 21, 2014)  
Here it is not mentioned about the law of nature. So how can we say statement 1 is correct.

Bhargavi said: (Apr 12, 2015)  
Old said change yielding place to new.

Gregc said: (Apr 15, 2015)  

So what if it can't be challenged? It can't be supported either.

There's no indication that changing of old orders are a guaranteed effect of time, only that it happened once in the premise statement.

Phil said: (Aug 23, 2015)  
Nature isn't mentioned nor inferred in the statement so option 1 can't be the right answer. Old and new order could be about social, political, religious or economic models which have nothing to do with nature!

Arpit said: (Apr 9, 2016)  
I think it should be D. Both not correct.

R M SAROJ said: (Mar 5, 2017)  
I agree @Arpit.

GDK said: (Nov 26, 2017)  
Hi everyone.

I didn't get the concept of statements and conclusions. Please anyone explain.

Mrudul said: (Jul 13, 2018)  
Not understand, Please explain.

Ike Carleo said: (Jul 19, 2018)  
I am not getting this. According to me, D should be the answer.

RAKSHITH said: (Sep 7, 2018)  
How? I am not getting. Please explain me.

K.Pavithra said: (Sep 9, 2018)  
Here, it does not mention about change is the law of nature.

Shivam Verma said: (Apr 7, 2019)  
In statement & conclusion.

The conclusion can't be made on common sense or general knowledge and statement have to be based on the statement provided.

So, how A is correct? Please tell me.

Kingslayer said: (Oct 19, 2019)  
How A is correct?

Answer: Since the statement says that "The old older changed yielding place to new"

1. Conclusion I follows: Since the statement says that old order has given its place to new which means when that the place has undergone changes due to faults and redundancy in the old order. This concludes that as many times these faults or whatsoever the reason may be come change will happen.

2. Conclusion II doesn't follow: No where it was mention that the old order was changed due to redundancy. It might have been due to various other factors.

Durgam Soundarya said: (Feb 27, 2021)  
Any conclusion having an advise or a result related to the given statement is always true.

Here conclusion 1 is related to statement given while conclusion 2 is not.

So, only 1 follows.

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