Logical Reasoning - Statement and Argument - Discussion

Each question given below consists of a statement, followed by three or four arguments numbered I, II, III and IV. You have to decide which of the arguments is/are 'strong' arguments) and which is/are 'weak' arguments) and accordingly choose your answer from the alternatives given below each question.


Statement: Should seniority be the only criterion for the promotion?


  1. No. It would be an injustice to those juniors who are more deserving and suitable for higher positions than their senior counterparts.
  2. Yes. Otherwise senior employees do feel humiliated.
  3. Yes. Senior employees are more experienced and must be rewarded for the same.

[A]. None is strong
[B]. Only I is strong
[C]. Only I and III are strong
[D]. Only I and II are strong
[E]. All are strong

Answer: Option B


In an organization, what matters most is productivity and to ensure productivity, the organization needs to have effective managers and innovative, devoted and hard-working employees. Thus, the capability of the individual should be the only criterion for promotion. So, only argument I holds strong, while II and III do not.

Rishabh Jain said: (May 16, 2013)  
Option C should be correct as experience does matters for an org. To be working, if all the freshers are promoted then decision making would be lengthy and an experience holder can surely help a lot.

Rakash said: (Jan 2, 2015)  
Argument III also to be considered.

Rahul Vishvakarma said: (Aug 25, 2015)  
From my opinion, if any junior have guts, talent and deserving candidate. Definitely he gets promotion.

Santa Clause said: (Sep 8, 2015)  
Option C should also be strong apart from A because experienced workers are an asset to an organization as well.

Apart from this, if substantially experienced workers are denied promotion, they are likely to switch jobs which can have negative effect on growth of organization.

Arjun said: (May 3, 2016)  
Hi all the given answer is correct.

Read the question once more. It explicit "only" which makes option B correct.

S.N. said: (Jun 1, 2017)  
The instructions said "decide which are strong arguments, " not "only. " So C is correct because both 1 and 3 are strong arguments.

Although the test writer is correct to assume that 'deserving juniors should not be turned away for promotion because they don't have seniority' is a strong argument, that same test writer is not correct to assume that 'senior employees are experienced and deserve to be rewarded the same' is not a strong argument. A company can be productive all they want and it will not mean anything if they are not PROFITABLE. Profit is what matters most in an organisation. To make a profit, you need productivity, yes, but an organisation is made up of people, and you need to maintain healthy business relationships with the people in your organisation (without people, there is no organisation). Any organization worth their weight in gold knows that their growth and bottom line WILL take the hit when key senior staff members leave after being snubbed by the management, who decided to promote junior, less experienced persons rather than them. There are countless examples of this happening in the business world all the time. To assume argument 3 is not strong is to disregard fundamental principles of economics and human socialisation.

So, B is not correct. The answer is C.

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