Logical Reasoning - Statement and Argument - Discussion

Each question given below consists of a statement, followed by three or four arguments numbered I, II, III and IV. You have to decide which of the arguments is/are 'strong' arguments) and which is/are 'weak' arguments) and accordingly choose your answer from the alternatives given below each question.

18. 

Statement: Should the number of holidays of government employees be reduced?

Arguments:

  1. Yes. Our government employees are having the maximum number of holidays among the countries of the world.
  2. Yes. It is a sign of British legacy, why should we carry it further?
  3. Yes. It will speed up work and all the pending jobs can be completed well in time.
  4. No. Employees must be given ample spare time to spend with their family.

[A]. Only I and III are strong
[B]. Only III is strong
[C]. Only I, III and IV are strong
[D]. None is strong
[E]. None of these

Answer: Option B

Explanation:

Reducing the number of holidays just because no other country gives so many holidays or it is a feature of a certain system which we have renounced, does not seem convincing. So, neither I nor II holds strong. However, this step would surely help to reduce the backlog of pending cases and dispense with the new cases much more quickly than before. So, III holds strong. Even if the holidays are reduced, only the avoidable or seemingly unnecessary ones shall be cut short and the national holidays shall still remain to enjoy. So, IV also does not hold.

Godlover said: (Sep 13, 2013)  
Is Argument 1 strong? Many teachers get too many holidays and leave facilities so that they even neglect teaching. So, argument I is strong or not? explain.

Vik said: (Nov 10, 2013)  
Cannot guess why 3 is strong. Definitely gov. Employees can have extra hours to get the work done (before going on holiday the next day). Or they can work in Saturday for the Monday (holiday). Maybe India have another system. But in my country #3 is not strong arg-t.

Param said: (Aug 24, 2015)  
It is a wrong answer. How can third be true?

If the work is not done in allotted days, how can one expect it to be completed by lesser days?

Ken said: (Feb 16, 2018)  
My issue isn't with #3 (which is faulty, as I'll explain) but that #1 and #4 are not considered to be "strong arguments". #1 has to do with the idea of the validity of census and norms, there are 196 countries in the world if Britain has "the maximum" (more than anyone else) I can see this being a valid argument, especially as it implies being above other like countries (G12). #2 is clearly pointless as the question speaks to the issue of efficiency and "legacy" cannot be directly tied to such by an outsider with any certainty. #3, you can make a good argument as the correlation between time and willing workers being able to to work seems obvious, however motivational theory would indicate that increasing working hours to increase productivity, would at least initially be entirely counterproductive (whether you could correct this over time or whether these new lower standards become the norm is another argument). #4 can also be a strong argument, there is no requirement that I agree with an argument based social mores however I can not discredit it either, as a "strong" argument need not speak to me but the larger audience in general.

Thus I think #1, #3, and #4 can all provide reasonable strong arguments and thus C is also reasonable.

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